The Boeotians, people of the class of which Hesiod represents himself to be the type, were essentially unromantic; their daily needs marked the general limit of their ideals, and, as a class, they cared little for works of fancy, for pathos, or for fine thought as such.
Though the poems of the Boeotian school (2) were unanimously assigned to Hesiod down to the age of Alexandrian criticism, they were clearly neither the work of one man nor even of one period: some, doubtless, were fraudulently fathered on him in order to gain currency; but it is probable that most came to be regarded as his partly because of their general character, and partly because the names of their real authors were lost.
More, however, is made of appearances by this class of persons than by the others; for they throw in the good opinion of the gods, and will tell you of a shower of benefits which the heavens, as they say, rain upon the pious; and this accords with the testimony of the noble Hesiod
and Homer, the first of whom says, that the gods make the oaks of the just--
While an extremely acute recent study has noted that the women of Homeric epic are not as directly associated with a cycle of exchange as are their counterparts in many other gift-exchange systems,(76) it is beyond dispute that women play an important part in what we may call the economy of Homer's aristocrats; there is no question of either their work or their fecundity being undervalued in the manner typical of Hesiod
Aristophanes was the producer of a text of Homer and also edited Hesiod
(Theogony), Alcaeus, Pindar, Euripides, Aristophanes, and perhaps Anacreon.
The discussions of Homer (mainly the Odyssey) and Hesiod
almost entirely the Works and Days) are pretty orthodox and rather long but they do contain some little |gems' (e.
Their topics include Homeric papyri and the transmission of the text, dialect, meter, oral poetics, the structure and interpretation of the Iliad, modern theoretical approaches, quantifying epic, Homer and Hesiod
, the Bronze Age and Iron Age, Greek art, the Near East, society, warfare, and ethics.
Laird observes traces of "an astonishingly wide range of Greek and Roman authors including Homer, Hesiod
, Lucretius, Horace, Ovid, Lucan, Pliny, and Apuleius" as well as later writers including Petrarch, Fracastoro, and Thomas More (45).
In the 8th century BC, the poet Hesiod
described how the Titans, the first generation of gods, were imprisoned in Tartarus, the deepest pocket in Hades.
As such, the author provides basic support for the study of Athenian life and literature as traditionally presented to undergraduates, with the important exception of the Archaic period, which includes Homer, Hesiod
, and most of the lyric poets.
I have designed this hymn, imitating the model / Of the fables of Hesiod
and those of Homer" (Puis afin que le peuple ignorant ne meprise / La veritd cognue apres l'avoir aprise, // .
The collection encompasses the greater part of the most significant authors of Greek antiquity: Homer and Hesiod
, the tragedians, and Plato and Aristotle.