What is the role of the Higgs field
First of all, confirmation of a forty-year-old theory, which explains the greater or lesser mass of particles through their degree of interaction with a field present throughout space, called the Higgs field
, associated with a hypothetical particle, the Higgs boson.
In essence, the Higgs field
split the electroweak force's personality.
In their paper, "Higgs Seesaw Mechanism as a Source for Dark Energy," Krauss and Dent explore how a possible small coupling between the Higgs particle, and possible new particles likely to be associated with what is conventionally called the Grand Unified Scale -- a scale perhaps 16 orders of magnitude smaller than the size of a proton, at which the three known non-gravitational forces in nature might converge into a single theory -- could result in the existence of another background field in nature in addition to the Higgs field
, which would contribute an energy density to empty space of precisely the correct scale to correspond to the observed energy density.
The existence of the Higgs field
, shown indirectly by detection of the Higgs particle, helps explain how the cosmos became what it is today.
Higgs' theory advanced that the particles transmit a field, known as the Higgs Field
, that - post-Big Bang - acted as a cosmic "bog", slowing down particles that are the smallest building blocks of life, and which would otherwise have the consistency of light, and congealing them together and accumulating mass.
Some modifications to the standard model include more than one Higgs field
and two, five or even seven distinct Higgs particles, which for the most part are more difficult to find than a single particle.
In the early 1960s, physicist Peter Higgs proposed that a hypothetical field, now called the Higgs field
, permeates the universe like a cosmic vat of molasses.
There may finally exist a certain similarity between the source of the Higgs field
and that of the Zero Point Energy of RQED.
The Higgs field
is believed to be everywhere, so it affects the vacuum of empty space-time in the universe.
The Standard Model asserts that a Higgs field
exists everywhere, spread throughout the uni- verse, explains Vickey.
Theorists will explore how the new, more precise value will change predictions regarding the stability of the Higgs field
and its effects on the evolution of the universe.