Hinayana


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Related to Hinayana: Vajrayana

Hi·na·ya·na

 (hē′nə-yä′nə)
n.
Offensive Theravada Buddhism.

[Sanskrit Hīnayānam, lesser vehicle (as contrasted with Mahāyānam, greater vehicle; see Mahayana) : hīna-, inferior; see ghē- in Indo-European roots + yānam, vehicle, way; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

Hi′na·ya′nist n.
Hi′na·ya·nis′tic (-yä-nĭs′tĭk) adj.

Hinayana

(ˌhiːnəˈjɑːnə)
n
(Buddhism)
a. any of various early forms of Buddhism
b. (as modifier): Hinayana Buddhism.
[from Sanskrit hīnayāna, from hīna lesser + yāna vehicle]
ˌHinaˈyanist n
ˌHinayaˈnistic adj

Hi•na•ya•na

(ˌhi nəˈyɑ nə)

n.
[1865–70; < Skt, =hīna lesser, inferior + yāna vehicle]
Hi`na•ya′nist, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hinayana - a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one's own efforts
Buddhism - a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
Hinayanist - an adherent of Hinayana Buddhism
2.Hinayana - an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia
Theravada, Theravada Buddhism - one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia
References in periodicals archive ?
are centres of Mahayana Buddhism, while Tezu, Namsai and Lohit have got several Hinayana Buddhism centres.
AS--Avadanasataka: A Century of Edifying Tales Belonging to the Hinayana, ed.
Hinayana seems to have laid emphasis on the former while Mahayana on the latter aspect of the Buddha's personality and ideal" (91).
In Buddhism there are Hinayana and Mahayana, as well as a number of
Sages of the Mahayana and Hinayana and all good people make the auspicious Name of the Primal Vow their own root of good; hence, they cannot give rise to shinjin and do not apprehend the Buddha's wisdom.
I once heard Smith quip that the three main schools of Buddhism were the Mahayana, the Hinayana, and the Bay Area haoles, and I have experienced them all.
Swat was once the cradle of Buddhism of all of its schools - Mahayana, Hinayana and Tantrayana, where once 1,400 monasteries flourished.
With the Yogacara, we move from the early schools of Buddhism, which some term rather pejoratively the Hinayana (small vehicle) to the Mahayana (great vehicle).
The Chinese ruling family would then support Taoism, "related" as they were to Lao Tzu, or even Hinayana Buddhism as more moderate in theory, practice and expectations.
The Turfan texts are of unique significance for the study of Central Asian Buddhism since they testify to the existence of a thriving Hinayana community with monasteries of mostly Sarvastivada and Mulasarvastivada affiliation along the northern Silk Route, while the scriptures which were found on the southern Silk Route are mostly Mahayana texts.
Within Thai Buddhism and the Hinayana tradition of Buddhism that dominates Southeast Asia, the most serious form of sexual misconduct which stands as the "first rule of spiritual defeat" is defined as "engaging in any form of sexual activity with another being, of whatever species, to the point of orgasm" (Jackson 57).