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n.1.(Paleon.) An extinct genus of Tertiary mammals allied to the horse, but three-toed, having on each foot a small lateral hoof on each side of the main central one. It is believed to be one of the ancestral genera of the Horse family.
References in periodicals archive ?
The small size of the molars (Table I) can be referred to Hipparion sp.
Rich number of Hipparion and artiodactyls are present in this Formation.
At that time, Hipparion (now split into several genera) was known to be a characteristic element of the Late Miocene faunas of Pikermi (Greece), which also included certain bovids, giraffids and other open-country mammals.
Al lado habia una defensa de Anancus arvernensis y restos de Hipparion.
Cormohipparion and Hipparion (Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Equidae) from the late Neogene of Florida.
Nos equinos, o Equus affinis, Caballo, e quase identificado ao cavalo atual, porem o Eqqus neogoeus e, sobretudo, o Equus principalis e consideravelmente diferente e se aproxima do Hipparion ou do Macrauchenia de Darwin (33) que servem de passagem ao Palaeotherium, etc.
In addition to the hominid footsteps, there are tracks of other animals, such as giraffes, elephants, antelopes, hyenas, Hipparion (an ancestor of the horse), apes, birds and saber-toothed tigers.
Keywords: Perissodactyl fauna, Hipparion, Sivalhippus, Miocene, hipparionine horses.
The findings described here are also supported, as (1) the Cervini and Muntiacicni split is reported at the transition of Miocene-Pliocene; due to this reason Early Pliocene age is referred to these fossil sites, (2) Some isolated molar remains of Hipparion also indicate the Early Pliocene age, and (3) an unconformity is present close to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary.
Studies done on dental micro-wear and oxygen and carbon isotopes on tooth enamel on a few other Siwalik mammals (bovids, Hipparion, Sivapithecus, etc.