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An island of the West Indies east of Cuba. Originally inhabited by Arawak Indians, it was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in 1492. The western part (now Haiti) was ceded to France by Spain in 1697. The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of the island, was formed in 1844.


(ˌhɪspənˈjəʊlə; Spanish ispaˈɲola)
(Placename) the second largest island in the Caribbean, in the Greater Antilles: divided politically into Haiti and the Dominican Republic; discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who named it La Isla Española. Area: 18 703 sq km (29 418 sq miles). Former name: Santo Domingo


(ˌhɪs pənˈyoʊ lə)

an island in the West Indies, comprising Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 30,285 sq. mi. (78,460 sq. km).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hispaniola - an island in the West IndiesHispaniola - an island in the West Indies  
Greater Antilles - a group of islands in the western West Indies
Haiti, Republic of Haiti - a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in 1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western hemisphere
Dominican Republic - a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola
References in classic literature ?
You never imagined a sweeter schooner--a child might sail her--two hundred tons; name, HISPANIOLA.
They go the length of declaring that this honest creature would do anything for money, that the HISPANIOLA belonged to him, and that he sold it me absurdly high--the most transparent calumnies.
I have a boatswain who pipes, Livesey; so things shall go man-o'-war fashion on board the good ship HISPANIOLA.
The history of Hispaniola is one marred by slavery, colonization, Euro-American competing interests, wars, and rebellions.
As Hurricane Maria whipped through the Dominican Republic Thursday it brought severe storm conditions to Punta Cana, a popular tourist destination on the easternmost tip of Hispaniola.
lt;B The eye of Hurricane Irma just north of the island of Hispaniola
Homes, schools and farms across southwestern Haiti all bear the scars of Matthew, which piled fresh misery onto the nation of more than 10 million on the western half of the island of Hispaniola still recovering from a major earthquake in 2010.
Four people died in the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola.
Two new species of Caribbean conocephaline katydids (Agraeciini) are described for the previously monotypic genus Erechthis: one from the island of Eleuthera in the Bahamas, one from Hispaniola.
During 2000-2014, Puerto Rico reported a total of 35 imported malaria cases (range = 0-7 per year); three cases were imported from Hispaniola.
Horne examines the reaction of the US under president George Washington to the 1791 slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola that created Haiti and led to the 1844 splitting of the island and the creation of the Dominican Republic.
EYE-OPENER Simon Reeve explores CARIBBEAN WITH SIMON REEVE SUNDAY, BBC2, 8PM The adventurer begins his journey on the island of Hispaniola and its two very different countries - the Dominican Republic, a tourist hotspot, and Haiti, the poorest country in the West and filled with voodoo myths.