Unlike the Homoians, the Homoiousians were comfortable using "substance" language when talking about the Son, and so they are best known for describing the relationship between the Son and the Father as "like according to substance.
16) Far from producing a viable or lasting theological party, the Homoian alliance in the east succeeded only in removing the Homoiousians from the picture.
Both the Homoians and the Homoiousians, accordingly, attempted to use the Council at Seleucia in 359 to ensure that the "compromise" was interpreted according to their own interests.
28) Although the creed's authors (Valens, Ursacius, and Germinius) frame this rejection in terms of the now contemporary struggle, that is, they are rejecting the theologies of the Nicenes and Basil of Ancyra and the Homoiousians, the larger context is their overriding concern about modalism.
67) And the categories that Hilary uses to explain this interpretation, particularly the Father-Son language, come directly from Basil and the Homoiousians.
The classic statement of Hilary's independence from the Homoiousians is provided by Pierre Smulders, La doctrine trinitaire de s.
Epiphanius applied the "semi-Arian" label to the Homoiousians as early as the fourth century, and in some form it has continued to be used well into the modern period.
Meslin suggests that Germinius changed his allegiance from Nice 360 to the Dated Creed through the influence of the Homoiousians, perhaps even Basil himself, who was exiled to Illyricum in 360: see Michel Meslin, Les Ariens d'Occident, 335-430 (Paris: Editions de Seuil, 1967), 290.
For the Homoiousians the consolidation in Antioch of a theological system and church party by Aetius and Eudoxius constituted a new heresy instigated by the devil himself, who was seen to be attacking the faith handed down by the 'fathers'.
Dr Lohr engages in a wide range of similar reflections in order to characterize the strategies the Homoiousians used both to define their own orthodoxy and to attack what they considered to be the Aetian and Marcellan/Nicene theological extremes.
Traditional baptismal practice and liturgical language are substituted here for the theological golden mean we saw in the 'orthodoxies' of Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Homoiousians.