(redirected from Homoiousians)


 (hō′moi-o͞o′sē-ən, -zē-)
An adherent of the Christian doctrine, formulated in the fourth century ad, that Jesus the Son and God the Father are of similar but not of the same substance.

[From Greek homoiousios, of similar substance : homoio-, homeo- + ousiā, substance (from ousa, feminine present participle of einai, to be; see es- in Indo-European roots).]


(ˌhəʊmɔɪˈuːsɪən; -ˈaʊ-; ˌhɒm-)
(Theology) a Christian who believes that the Son is of like (and not identical) substance with the Father. Compare Homoousian
(Theology) of or relating to the Homoiousians
[C18: from Late Greek homoiousios of like substance, from Greek homoio- like + ousia nature]
ˌHomoiˈousianism n


(ˌhoʊ mɔɪˈu si ən, -ˈaʊ-)

1. a member of a 4th-century A.D. church party that maintained that the essence of the Son is similar to, but not the same as, that of the Father.
2. of or pertaining to the Homoiousians or their doctrine.
[1725–35; < Late Greek homoioúsi(os) of like substance (homoi- homoi(o)- + -ousios, adj. derivative of ousía substance, essence, derivative of ṓn, s. ont-, present participle of eînai to be) + -an1]
Ho`moi•ou′si•an•ism, n.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike the Homoians, the Homoiousians were comfortable using "substance" language when talking about the Son, and so they are best known for describing the relationship between the Son and the Father as "like according to substance.
16) Far from producing a viable or lasting theological party, the Homoian alliance in the east succeeded only in removing the Homoiousians from the picture.
Both the Homoians and the Homoiousians, accordingly, attempted to use the Council at Seleucia in 359 to ensure that the "compromise" was interpreted according to their own interests.
28) Although the creed's authors (Valens, Ursacius, and Germinius) frame this rejection in terms of the now contemporary struggle, that is, they are rejecting the theologies of the Nicenes and Basil of Ancyra and the Homoiousians, the larger context is their overriding concern about modalism.
67) And the categories that Hilary uses to explain this interpretation, particularly the Father-Son language, come directly from Basil and the Homoiousians.
The classic statement of Hilary's independence from the Homoiousians is provided by Pierre Smulders, La doctrine trinitaire de s.
Epiphanius applied the "semi-Arian" label to the Homoiousians as early as the fourth century, and in some form it has continued to be used well into the modern period.
Meslin suggests that Germinius changed his allegiance from Nice 360 to the Dated Creed through the influence of the Homoiousians, perhaps even Basil himself, who was exiled to Illyricum in 360: see Michel Meslin, Les Ariens d'Occident, 335-430 (Paris: Editions de Seuil, 1967), 290.
This allowed Edward Gibbon (himself briefly a Roman Catholic) to let rip: "The profane of every age have derided the furious contests which the difference of a single diphthong exacted between the Homoousians and the Homoiousians.
For the Homoiousians the consolidation in Antioch of a theological system and church party by Aetius and Eudoxius constituted a new heresy instigated by the devil himself, who was seen to be attacking the faith handed down by the 'fathers'.
Dr Lohr engages in a wide range of similar reflections in order to characterize the strategies the Homoiousians used both to define their own orthodoxy and to attack what they considered to be the Aetian and Marcellan/Nicene theological extremes.
Traditional baptismal practice and liturgical language are substituted here for the theological golden mean we saw in the 'orthodoxies' of Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Homoiousians.