The abstruse question of the eternity of the Logos," "the admission of the homoousion
, or Consubstantial," "a real substantial Trinity .
How many Christians are eager to learn why Jesus was homoousion
, not homoiousion, with God the Father?
He meant that nothing has yet been put forward for a systematic ecclesiology that would parallel the significance of homoousion
for trinitarian theology, the Chalcedonian "one person in two natures" for Christology, and the theorem of the supernatural for grace.
It is quite likely that Liberius agreed not only to uphold the ambiguous First Formula of Sirmium, which rejected Nicaea, but also to ascribe to the Third Formula, which favoured the term homoiousion (like the Father) rather than the Nicene term of homoousion
(the same as the Father), when referring to the Son.
That is the evangelical and epistemological significance of the homoousion
Still less should we assume that the non-elite members of Patrophilus's church understood the distinctions between a homoousion
and homoiousion creed.
Theologically, John uses such Nicene formulas as Homoousion
Athanasius insisted that Christ was God, that the homoousion
clause of the Creed be understood literally.
After this date the homoousion
gradually prevailed as the orthodox symbol for the unity of the Godhead,(2) but Origen had given the Church its complementary formula of `three Hypostases'.
This understanding of infallibility takes the away the danger of what Lonergan calls a classicist worldview, one that cannot provide an account of the restatement of the gospel in new cultural settings and in response to new challenges (ARCIC uses the homoousion
as an example).
Hanson suggests that the use of ousia in these anathemas is directed explicitly against Nicea and homoousion
, but this is overstated unless we believe that Photinus was using Nicea to support his own doctrines, because the belief that the Son was an extension of the Father's ousia is characteristic of Photinus's theology.
Naturally, he penned much against the Arians, both homilies and narratives, while showing a willingness to clarify and compromise over the semantic controversies of Homoiousion ("of like substance"), Homoousion
("consubstantiality"), Hypostasis ("person"), and Ousia ("substance").