How many Christians are eager to learn why Jesus was homoousion
, not homoiousion, with God the Father?
He meant that nothing has yet been put forward for a systematic ecclesiology that would parallel the significance of homoousion
for trinitarian theology, the Chalcedonian "one person in two natures" for Christology, and the theorem of the supernatural for grace.
Still less should we assume that the non-elite members of Patrophilus's church understood the distinctions between a homoousion
and homoiousion creed.
Theologically, John uses such Nicene formulas as Homoousion
Athanasius insisted that Christ was God, that the homoousion
clause of the Creed be understood literally.
This understanding of infallibility takes the away the danger of what Lonergan calls a classicist worldview, one that cannot provide an account of the restatement of the gospel in new cultural settings and in response to new challenges (ARCIC uses the homoousion
as an example).
Hanson suggests that the use of ousia in these anathemas is directed explicitly against Nicea and homoousion
, but this is overstated unless we believe that Photinus was using Nicea to support his own doctrines, because the belief that the Son was an extension of the Father's ousia is characteristic of Photinus's theology.
Naturally, he penned much against the Arians, both homilies and narratives, while showing a willingness to clarify and compromise over the semantic controversies of Homoiousion ("of like substance"), Homoousion
("consubstantiality"), Hypostasis ("person"), and Ousia ("substance").
Their doctrinal formulation held that Jesus, the Word made flesh, is homoousion
(of the same substance, "one in being") with the Father.
Once the church arrived at the clarity of the Nicene homoousion
(a growth in understanding of a part of Christianity's substance), it forgot something about how to read many Gospel passages portraying Jesus' human weakness (a deterioration of understanding about an element of Christianity's substance).
Rufinus states elsewhere that Origen had used the word homoousion
to designate the one substance of the Father and Son.
presents Torrance's understanding of homoousion
, for him the epistemological and ontological "linchpin" of Christian theology, along with the atonement.