Homoousian

(redirected from Homoousios)
Related to Homoousios: Homoiousian

Ho·mo·ou·si·an

 (hō′mō-o͞o′sē-ən, -zē-)
n.
A Christian supporting the Council of Nicaea's Trinitarian doctrine that Jesus, as Son of God, is consubstantial with God the Father.

[Late Latin homoūsiānus, from homoūsius, of same substance, from Greek homoousios : homo-, homo- + ousiā, substance; see Homoiousian.]

Homoousian

(ˌhəʊməʊˈuːsɪən; -ˈaʊ-; ˌhɒm-)
n
(Theology) a Christian who believes that the Son is of the same substance as the Father. Compare Homoiousian
adj
(Theology) of or relating to the Homoousians
[C16: from Late Greek homoousios of the same substance, from Greek homo- + ousia nature]
ˌHomoˈousianism n

Ho•mo•ou•si•an

(ˌhoʊ moʊˈu si ən, -ˈaʊ-, ˌhɒm oʊ-)

n.
1. a member of a 4th-century A.D. church party that maintained that the essence or substance of the Father and the Son is the same.
adj.
2. of or pertaining to the Homoousians or their doctrine.
[1555–65; < Late Greek homooúsi(os) of the same substance]
Ho`mo•ou′si•an•ism, n.
References in periodicals archive ?
38) In the second part, Hilary produces what amounts to a second treatise on the relationship between homoousios and homoiousios.
Homoousios is one of the most important words in the Christian theological vocabulary, since it was used at the Council of Nicaea to express the divine consubstantiality of the Son with the Father.
The preceding observations may strike some readers as theological hairsplitting, but there is ample precedent for such distinctions in the history of Christian doctrine; for example, in the christological controversy about homoousios and homoiousios, an iota made a major doctrinal difference.
On the other hand, he gives a thorough explanation of the three reasons why homoousios was so crucial for Athanasius and presents very clearly what is involved in the distinction made by the Cappadocians between ousia and \hypostasis.
69) This staunch defender of the Nicene homoousios interprets Song of Songs 2:2 ("as a lily in the midst of thorns, so [is] my beloved in the midst of sons and daughters") to mean that the greater part (maior pars) of believers brings forth sins because such Christians are immersed in the cares of this world, while the one who despises such things shines among them as a lily among thorns.
Augustine then insists on the importance of substance and thus of homoousios, because without an account of the substantial relation between the Father and the Son, he cannot see how it is possible to avoid saying that the Son is "from nothing.
21) However, homoousios and hypostasis are not biblical, yet dogmas employing such language articulate revealed truths.
Finally, Newman thought Origen orthodox even though Newman did not have the technical vocabulary to instantiate the latter's orthodoxy, just as Athanasius had argued that even with the definition of the homoousios at Nicaea there was still a deeper truth to be ascertained.
Baby Varghese demonstrates a similarly high Christology in the early Syriac liturgical tradition, while Gabriele Winkler connects the anaphora of Basil to the Antiochene formulation of orthodoxy, which preferred "biblical language to describe the relationship of the Son to the Father over against the Nicene homoousios + ousia formulae" (126).
There are a very few errors of fact, the most significant being the attribution of homoiousios to Nicea (21) rather than the key word homoousios.
The paradigm here is the line from the Deuteronomic Shema to the Homoousios of the early Church (330).
In the Nicene controversy a key issue was whether it was acceptable to introduce the non-scriptural term homoousios into the creed.