homoplasy

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ho·mo·pla·sy

 (hō′mə-plā′sē, -plăs′ē, hŏm′ə-)
n.
Correspondence between parts or organs arising from evolutionary convergence.

ho•mop•la•sy

(həˈmɒp lə si, ˈhoʊ məˌplæs i, -ˌpleɪ si, ˈhɒm ə-)

n.
correspondence in biological form or structure, owing to convergent evolution.
[1865–70]
ho•mo•plas•tic (ˌhoʊ məˈplæs tɪk, ˌhɒm ə-) adj.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the low number of homoplasies expected (18), a neighbor-joining tree was obtained by using MEGA5 (23), with observed number of substitutions as a measure of genetic distance.
The Baileyans utilized these homoplasious characters even though it was recognized by, at the latest, the time of Darwin that homoplasies are useless for the inference of relationships.
This gerrid subfamily is diagnosed by a unique combination of characters, although all of them are either homoplasies, such as thornlike microstructures on the cuticulum (also found in Veliidae) and well-developed bucculae (also found in Hebridae, Hydrometridae and Macroveliidae) or reversals, such as the well-developed female ovipositor, the presence of second gonocoxae, the sclerotization of second gonapophyses, the absence of glandular areas of the female gynatrial sac, and the absence of a fecundation pump of the female gynatrial complex (Damgaard, 2008b).
It has been shown that shell characters in gastropod phylogeny reconstructions are no more prone to homoplasies than are other types of morphological characters (Schander & Sundberg 2001).