Homoplasmy


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Related to Homoplasmy: Heteroplasmy

Ho´mo`plas`my


n.1.(Biol.) Resemblance between different plants or animals, in external shape, in general habit, or in organs, which is not due to descent from a common ancestor, but to similar surrounding circumstances.
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These are generalizations, however, and the assumption of homoplasmy can sometimes be false when a cell or individual possesses multiple mitochondrial genotypes giving rise to heteroplasmy.
The high mutation rate coupled with the polyploid nature of the mitochondrial genome gives rise to an important feature of mitochondrial genetics, namely homoplasmy and heteroplasmy.
The consequence of these multiple ways of mixing and assorting mtDNA both within a single mitochondrion and the collected mitochondria of the cell as a whole leads to the concepts of homoplasmy (where all mitochondrial genomes in a cell or organism are of the same sequence) and heteroplasmy (where two or even more mitochondrial genome types can be present simultaneously in an organism).
The elevated rate of nucleotide transition has been reported to show multiple vibrational events in specific nucleotide sites and increase the frequency of homoplasmy (Meyer 1994; Simons et al.