horizontal gene transfer


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Related to horizontal gene transfer: vertical gene transfer

horizontal gene transfer

n.
The transfer of genetic material from one organism to another by a process other than reproduction, as in the conjugation of bacteria. Also called lateral gene transfer.
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Horizontal gene transfer, comparative genomics, and genomic influences on adaptation to saline environments for a few model species are discussed.
Overall, the genomes of these Micromonas species show clear indications of selection acting on the gene pool with each containing a set of unique genes acquired by horizontal gene transfer that are not shared with the other," said Bhattacharya.
coli cloning and expression vectors, archaeal plasmids, plasmid-based expression systems for mammalian cells, bioinformatics tools and methods for plasmid sequence analysis and annotation, horizontal gene transfer mediated by plasmids, molecular machinery for DNA translocation in bacterial conjugation, plasmids for gene therapy, and plasmid DNA as prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines for cancer and infectious diseases.
This exchange of genetic material, called horizontal gene transfer, passes genes that encode the enzymes necessary for the metabolism of compounds from a donor bacterium to a recipient bacterium with a different genetic background.
Horizontal gene transfer to other soil bacteria and microevolution of plasmids was observed.
The invocation of horizontal gene transfer events is often regarded as a last-ditch attempt by systematists to reconcile conflicting phylogenies constructed from different markers.
To the Editor: Previous studies have suggested that protozoa may promote horizontal gene transfer among bacterial species (1,2).
Preliminary analyses have revealed the importance of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in archaeal evolution.
of Georgia) emphasizes how the effect is the same whether the mechanism of the exchange is natural or artificial hybridization or lateral or horizontal gene transfer.
Transgenic DNA is in many respects optimized for horizontal gene transfer.
Possible explanations for the origins of these patterns involve asymmetrical features of DNA replication and transcription (3, 4), as well as the possible influence of horizontal gene transfer (5).
A horizontal gene transfer event defines two distinct groups within Burkholderia pseudomallei that have dissimilar geographic distributions.

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