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Related to Hornbeams: American hornbeam


1. Any of various small deciduous trees of the genus Carpinus, having smooth grayish bark, small nuts borne in leaflike bracts, and hard wood.
2. The wood of one of these trees.

[So called because its finely grained wood resembles horn when polished.]


1. (Plants) any tree of the betulaceous genus Carpinus, such as C. betulus of Europe and Asia, having smooth grey bark and hard white wood
2. (Plants) the wood of any of these trees
Brit equivalent: ironwood
[C14: from horn + beam, referring to its tough wood]



any of various North American trees belonging to the genus Carpinus, of the birch family, yielding a hard heavy wood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hornbeam - any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Carpinushornbeam - any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Carpinus
Carpinus, genus Carpinus - mostly deciduous monoecious trees or shrubs: hornbeams; sometimes placed in subfamily Carpinaceae
Carpinus betulus, European hornbeam - medium-sized Old World tree with smooth grey bark and leaves like beech that turn yellow-orange in autumn
American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana - tree or large shrub with grey bark and blue-green leaves that turn red-orange in autumn
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms


[ˈhɔːnbiːm] Ncarpe m


[ˈhɔːnˌbiːm] n (Bot) → carpino bianco
References in classic literature ?
Now take the gentleman into the garden for a minute; that will amuse him; if he likes to look at pretty things, show him the arbor of hornbeam trees that the poor dear old gentleman made.
At the farther end there was a thick, green alley of hornbeam trees, which had been the joy and pride of the late owner.
European black pine, Scots pine, oaks, ashes, hornbeams, willows, junipers, tamarisks, hazels, common medlar, and strawberry trees are among the tree species that make up the lake's woodlands, and there are wild boars, fallow deer, roe deer, brown bears, red foxes, jackals and rabbits in the surrounding forests, which makes the lake a prized location for hunters during the season.
The garden features a grove of 30 year old hornbeams which extend over the garden and are pruned so that the foliage forms a number of rounded clouds that seem to float in mid-air.