hydrolysis

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hy·drol·y·sis

 (hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving ionization of the water molecule and usually splitting the other compound. Examples include the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose, saponification, and the formation of acids or bases from dissolved ions.

hy′dro·lyte′ (-līt′) n.
hy′dro·lyt′ic (-drə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

hydrolysis

(haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Chemistry) a chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water to produce other compounds

hy•drol•y•sis

(haɪˈdrɒl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water.
[1875–80]

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
The splitting of a chemical compound into two or more new compounds by reacting with water. Hydrolysis plays a role in the breakdown of food in the body, as in the conversion of starch to glucose.

hydrolysis

The process by which a chemical compound decomposes through reaction with water.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrolysis - a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
Translations

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] Nhidrólisis f

hydrolysis

nHydrolyse f

hydrolysis

[haɪˈdrɒlɪsɪs] nidrolisi f

hy·drol·y·sis

n. hidrólisis, disolución química de un compuesto por acción del agua.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, to start the hemicellulose hydrolysis reaction, the catalytic glutamic acid must be protonated and the catalytic base must be deprotonated.
For this reason, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the effects of the hydrolysis reaction on the final morphology and molecular properties of the produced PVAc/PVA particles.
The catalase reaction was negative, and the esculin hydrolysis reaction was quickly positive.
With some polymers, water is produced as a byproduct of the hydrolysis reaction, and in these cases the degradation proceeds relatively rapidly.
Water is consumed by the hydrolysis reaction and parts will look and perform fine at room temperature.
The presence of high amount of calcium and sodium indicates that the deposit is not only made of FOG but also metallic soaps that formed during the hydrolysis reaction (6).
Results of the research showed that the rate of hydrolysis reaction in titania sol greatly affected the rate of deposition in electrophoresis sol-gel method.
These ranges of pHs had been chosen due to their influences on hydrolysis reaction, condensation of silane with itself and with the particle, as well as to their effects on protonation of amino functional groups of silane molecules used.
The sonolytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) was also monitored in an identical manner because during the ester hydrolysis reaction under sonication this degradation can lead to defacement of the kinetic results [7].
40-60 [degrees]C): diethyl ether: acetic acid (85:15:2, v/v) for transesterification reaction and (80:20:2, v/v) for hydrolysis reaction products analysis (Bendikiene et al.
At the point of sale, ~30-40% of the fertiliser P is present as OP, 50-55% is present as pyrophosphate (PP), and the remainder exists as tripolyphosphate (TP) and more condensed forms of R The proportion of each P species does not remain constant due to the occurrence of a hydrolysis reaction where more condensed P species react with water to form less condensed forms of R The most important hydrolysis reaction of polyphosphate fertiliser is the conversion of PP to OP, as pyrophosphate is the dominant non-OP form of P in ammonium polyphosphate (APP).
w], decreased, the water concentration in the melt decreased rapidly, causing the polycondensation reaction rate to become faster than the hydrolysis reaction rate, and the equilibrium shown below to shift toward the right.