The concept of IPV
includes actual or threatened physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former partner, who can be of the same or opposite sex (WHO, 2013).
Considerably less data is available on transgender IPV
, but studies generally find female-identified transgender people are also at an elevated risk of IPV
may negatively affect ANC service utilization and influence the relationship between ANC utilization and pregnancy outcomes.
In total, 1,007 males aged 15-19 living in disadvantaged neighborhoods in the four study cities were asked about their past-year perpetration of physical IPV
(defined as having pushed, slapped or thrown something at a partner; dragged or beaten a partner; choked, kicked, shoved or burned a partner on purpose; or used or threatened to use a weapon on a partner) or sexual IPV
(defined as physically forcing a partner to have intercourse, or pressuring a partner to have unwanted intercourse or insisting that a partner do so).
Gordon  discusses practical steps for identifying and managing IPV
A WHO systematic review examined data from 79 countries and found the global lifetime prevalence of IPV
among women who had ever had an intimate partner was 30%.
Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan also conducted SIAs with IPV
in selected regions before stopping tOPV use.
The risk of experiencing IPV
is reported to be higher in adolescent and young women than older women (6) and women victims of IPV
are less likely to use reproductive health services (7) and more likely to experience adverse reproductive health outcomes such as having low birth weight infants, pre-term delivery and neonatal death (1).
Earlier, he administered oral polio vaccine to a child besides vaccinating IPV
to formally launch the eight day campaign in 43 union councils of Peshawar and Afghan refugee camps.
Akbar Khan said that the IPV
campaign was conducted along with routine Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) campaigns to further boost the immunity of children against poliomyelitis and ensure that the virus transmission is stopped this year.
Rillorta explained that the DOH campaign against Polio now involves three doses of OPV and the vaccination of the IPV
to be given to the child simultaneous with the third OPV dose at 3 months old.
Randell, who coordinates the IPV
program at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Mo.