on the science of letters and talismans, on afflictions from the jinn, and on pharmacology and iatrochemistry
, the chapter charts in detail the Greek, prophetic, and non-Muslim theories and practices on which Sufi healers drew.
They generally agree that there was probably less discord in medical practice than in medical theory, and the new sciences of anatomy and physiology, iatrochemistry
and iatromechanial theory competed with medieval and early modern Galenism and the remnants of the Aristotelian intellectual edifice and its postulate of the organic integrity of body and soul.
Boyle and Newton drew on a well-developed experimental tradition and corpuscular matter theory derived from thirteenth-century Aristotelian alchemy and fused with Paracelsian spagyrical methods: it was seventeenth-century alchemy and iatrochemistry
that provided them with the materialist theoretical basis and quantitative experimental methods on which to develop a replacement for Aristotle's substantial forms, not the Cartesian clockwork mechanism and Gassendian atomism.
is a toxicologist who also concentrates on iatrochemistry