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An island country in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle. Norse settlers arrived c. 850-875, and Christianity was introduced c. 1000. Iceland passed to Norway in 1262 and, with Norway, to Denmark in 1380. In 1918 it became a sovereign state still nominally under the Danish king, until Icelanders voted for full independence in 1944. Reykjavík is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) an island republic in the N Atlantic, regarded as part of Europe: settled by Norsemen, who established a legislative assembly in 930; under Danish rule (1380–1918); gained independence in 1918 and became a republic in 1944; contains large areas of glaciers, snowfields, and lava beds with many volcanoes and hot springs (the chief source of domestic heat); inhabited chiefly along the SW coast. The economy is based largely on fishing and tourism. Official language: Icelandic. Official religion: Evangelical Lutheran. Currency: króna. Capital: Reykjavik. Pop: 315 281 (2013 est). Area: 102 828 sq km (39 702 sq miles)
1. a large island in the N Atlantic between Greenland and Scandinavia. 39,698 sq. mi. (102,820 sq. km).
2. a republic including this island and several smaller islands: formerly Danish; independent since 1944. 272,512. Cap.: Reykjavik.
Ice′land`er (-ˌlæn dər, -lən dər) n.
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|Noun||1.||Iceland - an island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944|
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Iceland - a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle
capital of Iceland, Reykjavik - the capital and chief port of Iceland on the southwestern coast of Iceland; buildings are heated by natural hot water
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Icelander - a native or inhabitant of Iceland
|2.||Iceland - a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle|
Iceland, Republic of Iceland - an island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944
n → Island nt