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Related to Idumeans: Edom, Idumaea, Idumæa


An ancient country of Palestine between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. According to the Bible, the original inhabitants were descendants of Esau.


1. (Peoples) a nomadic people descended from Esau
2. (Bible) the son of Esau, who was the supposed ancestor of this nation
3. (Bible) the ancient kingdom of this people, situated between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba


(ˈi dəm)

an ancient country between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, bordering ancient Palestine.
References in periodicals archive ?
His conclusion, however, is that the Idumeans were the main ethnicity in Maresha because some findings from Maresha predate those found at "Jewish" sites.
In the land of Israel, he notes, conversion was not always a matter of choice: Under the Hasmonean kings, particularly Johann Hyrcanus (134-104 BCE), the Idumeans were forced to be circumcised and live like Judeans or leave the country.
During the period of the Second Commonwealth they become known as the Idumeans and were conquered and forcibly converted to Judaism by the Hasmonean rulers of the independent Israelite state, thereby introducing Idumeans into the Hasmonean inner circles, which led to the further corruption of the.