unlawful combatant

(redirected from Illegal combatant)
Related to Illegal combatant: Lawful combatant, Unprivileged belligerent

unlawful combatant

n.
A civilian who engages in combat without meeting the criteria for a belligerent established by the third Geneva Convention, and who is thus not classified as a prisoner of war when captured.
References in periodicals archive ?
With illegal combatant prisoners still at US Naval Base Guantanamo, Cuba, and wars smoldering in Afghanistan and Iraq, Greenberg skillfully tackled the apropos question of whether the United States should allow its military to torture prisoners for information.
consequences of their illegal combatant status could also raise issues
Bush maintained that he could pluck any American citizen out of his home or off of the sidewalk and detain him indefinitely on the president's finding that he was an illegal combatant.
However, the Supreme Court ruling grants prisoners captured abroad the right to show before a civil court of law that the enemy or illegal combatant charges brought by the executive do not factually apply to them.
It is simply a fact of international law that one's status as a legal or illegal combatant under the Third Geneva Convention depends in part on the nature of the organization for which one fights.
He was declared an illegal combatant by a kangaroo court created to confirm that designation, which had been applied long before.
Fares added that according to US and Israeli leaders the enemy or illegal combatant label was formed to violate all human rights, to use any methods of torture and harassment, without the need to come up with evidence.
Bush would have to do to lock anyone up forever is to declare him an illegal combatant and not have a trial.
America coined the term of illegal combatants for the terrorists, who were captured during the Operation Enduring Freedom in order to curb their rights as Prisoners of War under Geneva Convention.
Hassan Safadi has been refusing food since the 2nd of March, Omar Abu Shalal, 54, since the 4th of March, Mahmoud Sarsak, the only Gazan to have been incarcerated under Israel's Illegal Combatants Law, since the 24th of March, Mohammed al-Taj, 40, also since the 24th of March and Ja'afar Ezzadeen, 41, since the 27th of march.
Insurgents, not being controlled by states party to international law, are illegal combatants and do not fit well within either category.
No doubt those Afghan and Iraqis who see themselves as freedom fighters battling an occupation force would beg to differ on their status as legal or illegal combatants.