See Hossein Modarressi, Crisis and Consolidation in the Formative Period of Shi'ite Islam: Abu Ja'far ibn Qiba al-Razi and His Contribution to Imamite
Shi'ite Thought (Princeton: Darwin, 1993), 93-94.
For a historical account of the formation of Twelver Shiism, see Hossein Modarressi, Crisis and Consolidation in the Formative Period of Shi'Ite Islam: Abu Ja'Far Ibn Qiba Al-Razi and His Contribution to Imamite
Shi'Ite Thought (Princeton: Darwin Press, 1993).
See ABDULAZIZ SACHEDINA, THE JUST RULER IN SHI'ITE ISLAM: THE COMPREHENSIVE AUTHORITY OF THE JURIST IN IMAMITE
See Abdulaziz Sachedina, The Just Ruler (al-sultan al-'adil) in Shi'ite Islam: The Comprehensive Authority of the Jurist in Imamite
Jurisprudence (New York: Oxford Univ.
Le Shi'isme Imamite
(Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1970), p.
The Imam had hoodwinked some of his people so thoroughly that even after the Imamite
was overthrown in 1962, it took near a decade of civil war for the country's revolution to survive.
Notes a propos de la walaya imamite
(Aspects de l'imamologie duodecimaine, X).
Amir-Moezzi, professor at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, author of several groundbreaking studies on early Twelver Shiism; and Christian Jambet, professor of philosophy, who has written extensively on Ismaili and Imamite
45) L'examen synthetique qui va suivre tente d'apporter un modeste complement a ces pages, en s'appuyant surtout sur les sources les plus anciennes de hadith imamite
, sources somme toute peu exploitees par le grand savant francais, ainsi que sur des etudes parues pour la plupart apres son deces.
The crisis was a profound one - the disappearance of the Imam led to numerous splits in the Imamite
Shiite community and desertions from it, and basic tenets of the faith came to be questioned.
Les etudes religieuses chez les chi'ites imamites
de la fin du XIXe siecle a 1960," Studea Islamica 81 (1995), pp.
subset]](particularly during his tenure in the Maghrib), but it is well known that Persian-speaking seekers began to flock to his cause even during the latter half of his lifetime, and in the centuries following a host of Imamites
, from Haydar Amuli (fl.