Markovits uses Jim's story not simply to resist utilitarianism, but to resist impartialist
moral theories generally.
And there are further considerations that could be thrown on the scales of the impartialist
By contrast, Peter Singer's recent work, One World, advances an impartialist
view of morality, which demands that we dispassionately dispense aid to the most needy (2002, p.
ethic (developed thoroughly in other essays) dictates that we must give equal moral consideration to all beings with a capacity for suffering: To do otherwise is morally akin to racism.
In section 1, the author describes the problem of distance and some impartialist
and partialist responses to it.
Somehow it does not easily mesh with the dominantly individualistic and impartialist
tradition of moral theory.
This subordination of nationalist aims to universal cosmopolitan obligations is required, Tan argues, by an impartialist
account of justice.
Here again, Griswold has occasion for reflection on diverse topics, such as the extent to which Stoicism is too impartialist
for Smith, too indifferent to the normal self-regarding concerns of moral agents.
The relation between reflective spirituality and ethics is more promising, since the former can expand the scope of ethics beyond a strictly formal or impartialist
account, while ethics can encourage the study of spirituality to move beyond historical, psychological, and sociological description to normative reflection.
Nonetheless, it is not obvious that this extreme impartialist
perspective is required by moral universalism.
Another strand, emerging out of moral psychology, feminism, and communitarianism, develops the notion of particularity, thus challenging the impartialist
s devoted defense of discourse ethics is a liberal rejoinder to the communitarian critique of autonomy, and to the doubts raised by the ethics of care when practical argumentation is reduced to impartialist
or neutrality-securing principles.