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In·do·ne·sia(ĭn′də-nē′zhə, -dō-) Formerly Dutch East Indies.
A country of southeast Asia in the Malay Archipelago including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, parts of Borneo, New Guinea, and Timor, and many smaller islands. First settled by Austronesian-speaking peoples from the Asian mainland, the islands were the site of kingdoms allied with India before the arrival of Arab traders who introduced Islam, which became the dominant religion after the 1300s. The Dutch East Indies Company controlled the territory from 1602 to 1799, when authority was turned over to the government of the Netherlands. In 1945 Indonesia declared its independence, which was finally achieved in 1949. Jakarta, on Java, is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago, consisting of the main islands of Sumatra, Java and Madura, Bali, Sulawesi (Celebes), Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, the Moluccas, part of Timor, part of Borneo (Kalimantan), Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), and over 3000 small islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans: became the Dutch East Indies in 1798; declared independence in 1945; became a republic in 1950; East Timor (illegally annexed in 1975) became independent in 2002. Parts of Sumatra suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Official language: Bahasa Indonesia. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: rupiah. Capital: Jakarta. Pop: 251 160 124 (2013 est). Area: 1 919 317 sq km (741 052 sq miles). Former names (1798–1945): Dutch East Indies or Netherlands East Indies
In•do•ne•sia(ˌɪn dəˈni ʒə, -ʃə)
Republic of, a republic in the Malay Archipelago, consisting of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Sulawesi, the S part of Borneo, Irian Jaya, and about 13,000 small islands: won independence from the Netherlands in 1949. 216,108,345; ab. 741,100 sq. mi. (1,919,400 sq. km). Cap.: Jakarta. Formerly, Netherlands East Indies, Dutch East Indies.
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|Noun||1.||Indonesia - a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far East and Pacific regions|
Holy War Warriors, Laskar Jihad - a paramilitary terrorist organization of militant Muslims in Indonesia; wages a jihad against Christians in Indonesia; subscribes to the Wahhabi creed of Islam
Mujahedeen Kompak - a militant Islamic militia that was formed in 2005 by hardliners who split from Jemaah Islamiyah
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
gamelan - a traditional Indonesian ensemble typically including many tuned percussion instruments including bamboo xylophones and wooden or bronze chimes and gongs
pesantran, pesantren - a Muslim school in Indonesia operated by religious leaders; produces young militants skilled in jihad
ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations - an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism
Southeast Asia - a geographical division of Asia that includes Indochina plus Indonesia and the Philippines and Singapore
Austronesia - islands of central and South Pacific (Indonesia and Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia)
Java - an island in Indonesia to the south of Borneo; one of the world's most densely populated regions
Bali - an island in Indonesia to the east of Java; striking volcanic scenery; culture is known for elaborate dances and rituals and for handicrafts
Timor - an island in Indonesia in the Malay Archipelago; the largest and most eastern of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Sumatra - a mountainous island in western Indonesia
Moluccas, Spice Islands - a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
Krakatao, Krakatau, Krakatoa - a small volcanic island in Indonesia between Java and Sumatra; its violent eruption in 1883 was the greatest in recorded history
Indonesian - a native or inhabitant of Indonesia
Indonesia[ˌɪndəʊˈniːzɪə] N → Indonesia f
Indonesia[ˌɪndəʊˈniːziə] n → Indonésie f
n → Indonesien nt