inflection

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inflection

Grammatical inflection (sometimes known as accidence or flection in more traditional grammars) is the way in which a word is changed or altered in form in order to achieve a new, specific meaning.
Verbs are the most commonly inflected words, changing form to reflect grammatical tense, as well as mood, voice, aspect, person, and speech. Collectively, this is known as conjugation.
The other parts of speech that can undergo inflection are nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs. These are categorized collectively under the term declension.
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in·flec·tion

 (ĭn-flĕk′shən)
n.
1. The act of inflecting or the state of being inflected.
2. Alteration in pitch or tone of the voice.
3. Grammar
a. An alteration of the form of a word by the addition of an affix, as in English dogs from dog, or by changing the form of a base, as in English spoke from speak, that indicates grammatical features such as number, person, mood, or tense.
b. An affix indicating such a grammatical feature, as the -s in the English third person singular verb form speaks.
c. The paradigm of a word.
d. A pattern of forming paradigms, such as noun inflection or verb inflection.
4. A turning or bending away from a course or position of alignment.

in·flec′tion·al adj.
in·flec′tion·al·ly adv.

inflection

(ɪnˈflɛkʃən) or

inflexion

n
1. modulation of the voice
2. (Grammar) (grammar) a change in the form of a word, usually modification or affixation, signalling change in such grammatical functions as tense, voice, mood, person, gender, number, or case
3. an angle or bend
4. the act of inflecting or the state of being inflected
5. (Mathematics) maths a change in curvature from concave to convex or vice versa. See also point of inflection
inˈflectional, inˈflexional adj
inˈflectionally, inˈflexionally adv
inˈflectionless, inˈflexionless adj

in•flec•tion

(ɪnˈflɛk ʃən)

n.
1. modulation of the voice; change in pitch or tone of voice.
2.
a. the process of adding affixes to or changing the shape of a base to give it a different syntactic function without changing its form class, as in forming served from serve, sings from sing, or harder from hard (contrasted with derivation).
b. an affix added in this process, as the -s in dogs or the -ed in played.
c. an inflected form of a word.
d. the systematic description of the process of inflection in a language; accidence.
3. a bend or angle.
4. a change of curvature from convex to concave or vice versa.
Also, esp. Brit., inflexion.
[1525–35]

inflection

A change in the form of a word that indicates a different tense or number.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inflection - a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
grammatical relation - a linguistic relation established by grammar
conjugation - the inflection of verbs
declension - the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages
paradigm - systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
pluralisation, pluralization - the act of pluralizing or attributing plurality to
2.inflection - the patterns of stress and intonation in a language
manner of speaking, delivery, speech - your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally; "his manner of speaking was quite abrupt"; "her speech was barren of southernisms"; "I detected a slight accent in his speech"
intonation, pitch contour, modulation - rise and fall of the voice pitch
caesura - a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
enjambement, enjambment - the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
stress, accent, emphasis - the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch); "he put the stress on the wrong syllable"
speech rhythm, rhythm - the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements; "the rhythm of Frost's poetry"
3.inflection - deviation from a straight or normal course
deviation, difference, divergence, departure - a variation that deviates from the standard or norm; "the deviation from the mean"
4.inflection - a manner of speaking in which the loudness or pitch or tone of the voice is modifiedinflection - a manner of speaking in which the loudness or pitch or tone of the voice is modified
manner of speaking, delivery, speech - your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally; "his manner of speaking was quite abrupt"; "her speech was barren of southernisms"; "I detected a slight accent in his speech"

inflection

noun
1. intonation, stress, emphasis, beat, measure, rhythm, cadence, modulation, accentuation His voice was devoid of inflection.
2. (Grammar) conjugation, declension Around 2 years, the child adds many grammatical inflections.

inflection

noun
A particular vocal quality that indicates some emotion or feeling:
Idiom: tone of voice.
Translations
flexeohýbání
afvigelsemodulation
flexióninflexiónpunto de inflexión
käännepistesuunnanmuutostaivutus
fleksijainfleksijaotklon
beygingraddblær
modulacjaodmiana

inflection

[ɪnˈflekʃən] Ninflexión f

inflection

[ɪnˈflɛkʃən] n
[voice] → inflexion f
(GRAMMAR) (= ending) → désinence f

inflection

[ɪnˈflɛkʃn] n (of voice) → intonazione f, modulazione f (Gram) → flessione f
the inflection of nouns/verbs → la flessione nominale/verbale
point of inflection (Math) → punto di flesso
References in periodicals archive ?
Beecher, for instance, writes that "the concept of inflectional paradigm is deservedly generalizable to derivational morphology" (2004: 1) and Stump (1991: 710) even denies any objections to the notion.
To the extent that the inflectional paradigm provides a similar, though stronger, more grammaticalized matrix for a suppletive stem, it is perhaps not inappropriate to talk of suppletion of a base of a derived form as analogous to suppletion of the stem of an inflected form.
Even more importantly, the same ending is also observed in the 1st person of the -is- aorist: as the Pail inflectional paradigm of this formation shows (sg: 1 st.
Firstly, nouns like sarga 'trumpet, clarion', nama 'name' or forca 'fork' show the inflective ending -a and they are clearly non-derived nouns; secondly, Kastovsky (1968) notices that, whereas derivative suffixes appear throughout the inflectional paradigm (like the suffix -ere in bccere 'baker': nominative, accusative singular bccere, nominative, accusative plural bcceras), the suffix -a does not.
the verbal inflectional paradigm, as in the following graph:
Stump 1998, 2001), this can be taken to suggest that the bare form fills a cell in the inflectional paradigm realizing the 2nd person singular agreement feature.
4) At that stage, Romani, as well as New Indo-Aryan languages, had innovated the inherited Indo-Aryan nominal system, and developed a rich nominal inflectional paradigm, that continues in many present day varieties.
That is why its inflectional paradigm has become defective and why it has been replaced by the explicit form erzodik whose inflectional paradigm does not involve any phonotactic anomaly.
These derivatives evidence that the category change associated with zero derivation causes a shift of inflectional paradigm that, in the case of nouns and adjectives, usually displays a vowel in the reference form, in such a way that that vowel bears the mark of inflection and derivation.
In this sense, the difference with Kastovsky's approach lies in two aspects: word-formation processes are central to the discussion, rather than the output of such processes; and derivational morphology has pride of place over inflectional morphology, which is stressed by Kastovsky, who draws his main conclusions by analysing the inflectional paradigm of derivatives.
For example, Carstairs-McCarthy (1994) argues for a No Blur constraint that limits the possible form an inflectional paradigm may have.
Secondly, richness of the inflectional paradigm is a cue for the distinction between [+anaphoric] and [-anaphoric] inflection.