Innocent IV


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Innocent IV

n
(Biography) original name Sinibaldo de' Fieschi. died 1254, pope (1243–54); an unrelenting enemy of Emperor Frederick II and his heirs
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In "The Crusade against al-Azraq: A Thirteenth-Century Mudejar Revolt in International Perspective," supplemented by "A Lost Crusade: Unpublished Bulls of Innocent IV on al-Azraq's Revolt in Thirteenth-Century Spain," he fills in the lacunae regarding this insurgency and its repercussions.
Convinced by Jewish leaders that such condemnation violated the principles of Christianity, however, Pope Innocent IV overturned the jury's findings.
As Pope Innocent IV sagely remarked back in the 13th century, people whom the public deem holy might in private be living less than edifying lives.
Clare ask the top-hierarchical clerics for observance of the absolute poverty at least in the convent of San Damian and write her own rule which was approved orally by Pope Innocent IV a few days before her death.
Writing at roughly the same time as Hostienis, his fellow canonist Sinibaldo de Fiesco (circa 1180-1254), better known as Pope Innocent IV, wrote an important decretal gloss, "On the Restitution of Spoils" (45) that articulated a new technical definition of war.
In April 1245, after an inquiry, Pope Innocent IV reversed his decision to recognise the prince as his vassal.
Dafydd ap Llywelyn created continental alliances - with King Louis IX of France and with Pope Innocent IV - which, at one time, looked like confirming Wales' independence as a state under the Pope's protection.
In a letter dated 1246 from Grand Khan Guyuk to Pope Innocent IV, Genghis Khan's grandson orders the pontiff to travel to central Asia in person - with all of his "kings" in tow - to "pay service and homage to us" as an act of "submission", threatening that otherwise: "you shall be our enemy".
Until an official of Duke Swietopelk came riding by, and heard the prisoner chanting Latin psalms, then returned to the village with an escort and freed Bishop Sedenza, who ten years earlier had sailed as a legate of Pope Innocent IV to the Danish king Eric, and during a storm had ended up in Hel, in other words in hell.
In Chapter 2, the author also downplays the 13th-century Talmud controversies as inflamers of intolerance, for Pope Innocent IV allowed the Talmud's return to the Jews (p.
In a forthcoming publication I intend to argue that the famous attack on the abbesses of the Cistercian Order in the diocese of Burgos and Palencia (usually identified as those of las Huelgas), which has been famously attributed to Innocent III and then "reiterated" by Innocent IV (as Macy describes it on p.
So we have, for example, the fresco of an Obizzi lieutenant general of Tuscany, of an Obizzi fighting the Infidels, of an Obizzi embarking in Ancona for a trip to the Holy Land, of an Obizzi liberating Pope Innocent IV from the besieging army of Frederick II, of an Obizzi receiving the keys of Lucca as a compensation for having driven out the imperial army, of an Obizzi sent as a Pope's emissary to England, of an Obizzi governor general of Flanders, and so on.