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Any of a class of particles, including photons, mesons, or alpha particles, that have integral spins and do not obey the exclusion principle, so that any number of identical particles may occupy the same quantum state.

[After Satyendra Nath Bose.]

bo·son′ic adj.


(Atomic Physics) any of a group of elementary particles, such as a photon or pion, that has zero or integral spin and obeys the rules of Bose-Einstein statistics. Compare fermion
[C20: named after Satyendra Nath Bose; see -on]


(ˈboʊ sɒn)

any of a class of elementary particles not subject to the exclusion principle that have spins of zero or an integral number.
[1945–50; after S. N. Bose (1894–1974), Indian physicist]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
gauge boson - a particle that mediates the interaction of two elementary particles
meson, mesotron - an elementary particle responsible for the forces in the atomic nucleus; a hadron with a baryon number of 0
subatomic particle, particle - a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
References in periodicals archive ?
Further coupled with supersymmetry, which proposes a correspondence between half-integer spin particles called "fermions" and integer spin particles called "bosons," string theory proposes to solve several theoretical problems.
He explains the action approach, including its relation to Maxwell's equation and Dirac fields, then examines continuous symmetries and conservation laws, magnetostatics, multivalued fields in superfluids and superconductors, magnetic monopoles, electric charge confinement, multivalued mapping from ideal crystals to crystals with defects, defect melting, relativistic mechanics in curvilinear coordinates, torsion and curvature from defects and embedding, mutivalued mapping, field equations of gravitation, fields of integer spin, particles with half-integer spins, covariant conservation gravitation of spinning matter as a gauge theory, evanescent properties of torsion in gravity, the teleparallel theory of gravitation embedding, and emerging gravity.
Matter consists of bosons with integer spin n and fermions with half-integer spin n/2, n [equivalent to] 1 (mod 2).