Fifi added: "If my child is not registered they might call him Interhamwe
(Rwandan militias) or a rebel, a foreigner in this land.
62) The Interhamwe
, ex-FAR and former Rwandan government leaders gained control over the camps, replicated their political and military structure, started arming and forcefully recruiting innocent camp residents with the purpose of launching an armed attack against the new authorities in Kigali.
It was later revealed that the team in question was a JCET [Joint Combined Exchange Training] unit that was sent to Rwanda to help the Rwandans to 'defeat ex-FAR (Rwandan Armed Forces) and Interhamwe
Over the past 14 years, the former Rwandese armed forces and the Interhamwe
militia used eastern Congo as safe haven and carried out many attacks inside Rwanda and against Congolese civilians.
En efecto, la primera guerra congolesa es considerada una replica de la crisis humanitaria de Ruanda de 1994, ya que oficialmente se desplego para destruir los campos de refugiados hutus en el Congo, para eliminar las milicias hutu-ruandesas conocidas como interhamwe
, que habian sido las principales instigadoras del genocidio, para limpiar la frontera ruandesa o solo para limpiar esta frontera de los contrarios al gobierno de Kampala.
29) Women were pulled aside at checkpoints or roadblocks, and government soldiers would block village exits to prevent people from escaping, allowing the interhamwe
time to find all of the Tutsi and rape and murder them.
Selon David Eaton, les grandes puissances (la France et les Etats-Unis) avaient beaucoup d'interets a gagner dans cette guerre [guerre congolaise] et les parties engagees beneficiaient de leur soutien et de l'appui non seulement des troupes de l'ancienne armee tchadienne, des mercenaires sud-africains et serbes, mais aussi des milices interhamwe
hutu rwandais et des elements des anciennes Forces armees zairoises de Mobutu (Eaton 2006: 64).
30) Within about one hundred days, between April and July 1994, approximately one million Rwandan people, mainly Tutsi and politically moderate Hutu, were killed by the regime, their militia, the Interhamwe
, and the population at large.
It participated in "civic reeducation" aimed at former Interhamwe
members or other demobilized soldiers by providing courses.
Political tension, civil war and interethnic conflict was exacerbated in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide in 1994, followed by the presence of ex-Rwandan Forces and Interhamwe
militias in Eastern DRC.
The assertion that the Rwandan genocide seemed like a drive-by shooting is not used to describe how the Interhamwe
rolled down the streets of Kigali in a tricked-out 1987 Chevy Caprice, indiscriminately killing Tutsi bystanders.
In 1994, he was 16 when a band of children from the Interhamwe
Militia attacked his village and made him kill his four nephews with a hoe and throw their bodies into a ditch filled with his neighbors.