fertilization

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fer·til·i·za·tion

 (fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
n.
1. The act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination.
2. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
3. The act or process of applying a fertilizer.

fer′til·i·za′tion·al adj.

fertilization

(ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən) or

fertilisation

n
1. (Biology) the union of male and female gametes, during sexual reproduction, to form a zygote
2. (Biology) the act or process of fertilizing
3. (Biology) the state of being fertilized

fer•ti•li•za•tion

(ˌfɜr tl əˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. an act, process, or instance of fertilizing.
2. the state of being fertilized.
3. the union of male and female gametic nuclei.
4. the enrichment of soil, as for the production of crops.
[1855–60]
fer`ti•li•za′tion•al, adj.

fer·til·i·za·tion

(fûr′tl-ĭ-zā′shən)
1. The process by which a female reproductive cell becomes capable of developing into a complete organism by union with a male reproductive cell. In many animals, such as mammals, fertilization occurs inside the body of the female. In fish, eggs are fertilized in the water. In plants, eggs are fertilized inside the parent plant. See Note at pollination.
2. The process of making soil more productive of plant growth, as by the addition of organic material or fertilizer.

fertilize verb

fertilization

1. The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote.
2. (or conception) The joining of a sperm with an ovum.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametesfertilization - creation by the physical union of male and female gametes; of sperm and ova in an animal or pollen and ovule in a plant
conception, creation - the event that occurred at the beginning of something; "from its creation the plan was doomed to failure"
pollenation, pollination - transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
cross-fertilisation, cross-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from different individual of the same species
self-fertilisation, self-fertilization - fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from the same individual
superfecundation - fertilization of two or more ova released during the same menstrual cycle by sperm from separate acts of coitus (especially by different males)
superfetation - fertilization of a second ovum after a pregnancy has begun; results in two fetuses of different ages in the uterus at the same time; "superfetation is normal in some animal species"
2.fertilization - making fertile as by applying fertilizer or manure
enrichment - act of making fuller or more meaningful or rewarding
top dressing - a layer of fertilizer or manure not plowed in

fertilization

noun
1. insemination, propagation, procreation, implantation, pollination, impregnation from fertilization until birth is about 266 days
2. manuring, mulching, top dressing, dressing soil testing and fertilization
Translations
oplodněnípohnojenízúrodnění
befrugtninggødning
megtermékenyítéstermékenyítés
frjóvgun
oplodneniezúrodnenie
dölle megübreleme

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] Nfecundación f, fertilización f

fertilization

[ˌfɜːrtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] fertilisation (British) n [egg] → fécondation f

fertilization

nBefruchtung f; (of soil)Düngung f

fertilization

[ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃn] n (see vb) → fecondazione f, fertilizzazione f

fertile

(ˈfəːtail) adjective
1. producing a lot. fertile fields; a fertile mind/imagination.
2. able to produce fruit, children, young animals etc. fertile seed.
ferˈtility (-ˈti-) noun
the state or condition of being fertile.
fertilize, fertilise (-ti-) verb
to make fertile. He fertilized his fields with manure; An egg must be fertilized before it can develop.
ˌfertiliˈzation, ˌfertiliˈsation noun
ˈfertilizer, ˈfertiliser (-ti-) noun
a substance (manure, chemicals etc) used to make land (more) fertile.

fer·til·i·za·tion

n. fertilización, fecundación.

fertilization

n fecundación f; in vitro — (IVF) fecundación in vitro (FIV)
References in periodicals archive ?
Only a specific result about the origin of gnathostome internal fertilization, which Elga obtained together with a group of colleagues from different countries and was published in Nature a year before her death, should be added as an achievement in palaeontology the most praised by the press of Estonia.
But in species with internal fertilization, there's just as fascinating a scene that goes on beyond our ability to see it.
This new frog is one of only 10 or 12 species that has evolved internal fertilization, and of those, it is the only one that gives birth to tadpoles, as opposed to froglets or laying fertilized eggs.
Indeed, for most of its 40-year history, studies of post-mating sexual selection have focused mainly on animals exhibiting clear sexual dimorphism and internal fertilization (but see this review for exceptions).
Within the Poeciliidae, at least three characters evolved to give rise to the present diversity within the family: (1) internal fertilization using a transformed anal fin in males, the gonopodium, for sperm transfer, (2) livebearing, and (3) different degrees of maternal provisioning for the developing young (Constantz 1989; Reznick & Miles 1989).
2001) and, as other chelonians, are oviparous with internal fertilization and have a reproductive system adapted to that condition.
called the internal fertilization find "remarkable.
From the evidence available most hydrothermal vent gastropods appear to have a similar reproductive pattern of early maturity, internal fertilization, and lecithotrophic larvae.
However, he and a colleague propose that gender wars are more likely to flare into bodily harm among simultaneous-hermaphrodite species with internal fertilization than among their separate-sex counterparts.
internal fertilization and feeding structures that may be able to collect and concentrate sperm).
In an earlier book (Sexual Selection and Animal Genitalia, Eberhard 1985), William Eberhard extended Darwin's observation by showing that male genitalia diverge very rapidly among closely related species which have internal fertilization but not among those with external fertilization.
For example, many wave-swept organisms have evolved mechanisms for internal fertilization or at least for the retention of eggs, and these mechanisms involve complex structures and behaviors.