Rieben, Ntamakiliro, Gonthier, & Fayol (2005), assigned 145 five-year old children to four treatment groups: invented spelling
(children wrote their own spellings for a dictated word), copied spelling (copied words from a model), invented spelling
with feedback on correct spelling (children produced their own spellings followed by feedback on how the words were actually spelled, along with comments on the orthographic characteristics they missed), and a control group that made drawings of words.
Emergent writing with its invented spelling
reflects children's growing understanding of the underlying relationships between letters and sounds.
Stahl, Duffy-Hester & Stahl (2006) emphasise the importance of this invented spelling
stage in developing phonemic awareness.
At Laurier, teacher candidates are placed in one school for the entire year and I did my first two practicum placements in a Kindergarten and first grade classroom with the protocol of invented spelling
as the norm, despite my reservations.
Researchers scored the spellings to allow partial credit for invented spelling
, which made the test more sensitive to differences and less susceptible to floor effects, which is important for poor spellers and potentially for students with reading disabilities.
Alphabetic code: alphabet knowledge, phonological/phonemic awareness, invented spelling
ability and printed word learning in kindergarten.
Parents were encouraged to accept their children's invented spelling
and to help their children to spell the sounds that they heard in the word.
The number and quality of the illustrations increased, and scanned artwork allowed the early childhood classes to contribute drawings and stories written in invented spelling
In other words, to count as an invented spelling
, an incorrect letter had to be present, a correct letter had to be missing, or the order of the correct letters had to be reversed.
To encourage children to write using their own invented spelling
Students spelled three types of words: sight words, decodable real words, and decodable pseudowords; spellings were scored to allow partial credit for invented spelling