Iran


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Iran

I·ran

 (ĭ-răn′, ĭ-rän′, ī-răn′) Formerly Per·sia (pûr′zhə, -shə)
A country of southwest Asia. Inhabited since c. 2000 bc by Iranian peoples, the region later became the core of the Persian Empire. After being conquered by Alexander the Great and ruled by the Parthian Arsacid dynasty, Persia was reestablished under the Sassanian dynasty (ad 224-651) and, after invasions by Arabs (7th century), Turks (10th century), and Mongols (13th century), was reestablished again under the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736). The country, renamed Iran in 1935, was ruled by the Pahlavi dynasty from 1925 until the ouster of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1979) in a revolution led by the Ayatollah Khomeini, who established an Islamic republic. Tehran is the capital and the largest city.
Usage Note: As foreign locales become more familiar to English speakers, the pronunciation of their names often evolves away from a literal rendering of their English spelling and toward their native pronunciation, though with considerable variation across names and speakers. Prague once rhymed with plague but now is closer to bog, while Chile may be pronounced either as "chilly" or "chee-lay," and Brazil is still Anglicized (brə-zĭl′) rather than Portuguese (brä-sēl′). In American English today, we find three common pronunciations for Iran: (ĭ-rän′, ĭ-răn′, and ī-răn′), with analogous variants for Iraq. In our 2014 Usage Ballot, most Panelists personally preferred (ĭ-rän′), but a large majority considered both (ĭ-rän′) and (ĭ-răn′) acceptable. The same was true for Iraq. Panelists were much less tolerant of the pronunciation of the initial syllable as "eye" (some commented that this pronunciation seemed "unsophisticated" or "parochial"): 71% deemed (ī-răn′) unacceptable, with only 6% reporting it as their preferred pronunciation, with similar percentages for Iraq.

Iran

(ɪˈrɑːn)
n
(Placename) a republic in SW Asia, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf: a monarchy until an Islamic revolution in 1979 headed by the Ayatollah Khomeini when the Shah was obliged to leave the country. Consists chiefly of a high central desert plateau almost completely surrounded by mountains, a semitropical fertile region along the Caspian coast, and a hot and dry area beside the Persian Gulf. Oil is the most important export. Official language: Persian (Iranian or Farsi). Official religion: Muslim majority. Currency: rial. Capital: Tehran. Pop: 79 853 900 (2013 est). Area: 1 647 050 sq km (635 932 sq miles). Former name (until 1935): Persia Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran See also Persian Empire

I•ran

(ɪˈræn, ɪˈrɑn, aɪˈræn)

n.
1. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. a republic in SW Asia: an Islamic republic since 1979. 65,179,752; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km).Cap.: Teheran.
2. Plateau of, a plateau in SW Asia, mostly in Iran and Afghanistan, extending from the Tigris to the Indus rivers.

Iran.

Iranian.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Iran - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western AsiaIran - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil
MEK, MKO, Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization, People's Mujahidin of Iran - a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Usuli - a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari; "Usuli Shiism produced the politically active caste of priests that is a distinctive feature of Iranian Shiism"
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Gulf States - the countries in southwestern Asia that border the Persian Gulf
capital of Iran, Iranian capital, Teheran, Tehran - the capital and largest city of Iran; located in northern Iran
Abadan - a port city in southwestern Iran
Bam - an ancient city in southeastern Iran; destroyed by an earthquake in 2003
Mashhad, Meshed - the holy city of Shiite Muslims; located in northeastern Iran
Aspadana, Esfahan, Isfahan - city in central Iran; former capital of Persia
Rasht, Resht - city in northwestern Iran near the Caspian Sea
Shiraz - a city in central southwestern Iran; ruins of ancient Persepolis are nearby
Tabriz - an ancient city in northwestern Iran; known for hot springs
Orumiyeh, Urmia - a city on the western side of Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran
Qum - a city in northwestern Iran; a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims
Persepolis - an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire; now in ruins
Kurdistan - an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus
Dasht-e-Kavir, Great Salt Desert, Kavir Desert - a salt desert in north central Iran
Dasht-e-Lut, Lut Desert - a desert in eastern Iran
Demavend - an active volcano in northern Iran
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Caspian, Caspian Sea - a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world
Daryacheh-ye Orumiyeh, Lake Urmia, Urmia - a shallow saline lake in northwestern Iran between Tabriz and the western border of Turkey
Irani, Iranian, Persian - a native or inhabitant of Iran; "the majority of Irani are Persian Shiite Muslims"
ayatollah - a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
Translations
Иран
Iran
Írán
Iran
Irano
Iran
Iran
Irán
Iran
Iran
イラン
이란
Iran
Iran
Iran
ประเทศอิหร่าน
nước Iran

Iran

[ɪˈrɑːn] NIrán m

Iran

[ɪˈrɑːn] nIran m
in Iran → en Iran

Iran

n(der) Iran

Iran

[ɪˈrɑːn] nl'Iran m

Iran

إِيرانٌ Írán Iran Iran Ιράν Irán Iran Iran Iran Iran イラン 이란 Iran Iran Iran Irã, Irão Иран Iran ประเทศอิหร่าน İran nước Iran 伊朗
References in classic literature ?
Moore, I could manage better; and when my father read "Lalla Rookh" to my mother I sat up to listen, and entered into all the woes of Iran in the story of the "Fire Worshippers.
The monarchs of Iran and Turan sent him some very rare birds;' and, continues the courtly historian, 'His Majesty by crossing the breeds, which method was never practised before, has improved them astonishingly.
After the USSR's collapse, Iran continued trying to establish good economic and other relations with Russia, even though Yeltsin and his close collaborators--especially his first foreign minister, Andrei Kozyrev--saw Iran and its Islamist ideology as a major threat to Russia.
The breadth and depth of the campaign against an agreement with Iran are completely unprecedented.
The US sanctions prohibit almost all trade with Iran, making some exceptions only for activity "intended to benefit the Iranian people", including the export of medical and agricultural equipment, humanitarian assistance and trade in "informational" materials such as films.
Iran will implement an agreed set of measures to address the IAEA's concerns regarding the Possible Military Dimensions (PMD) of its program," it noted Regarding rectors and reprocessing, the statement said Iran has agreed to redesign and rebuild a heavy water research reactor in Arak, based on a design that is agreed to by the P5+1, which will not produce weapons grade plutonium, and which will support peaceful nuclear research and radioisotope production.
Threats and sanctions against Iran will not hinder the country' s "peaceful" nuclear program, he said, adding that "The only thing that we can do (to clarify about Iran's nuclear program) is transparency.
He said that there was no evidence that Iran has been building a nuclear bomb.
Talking to IRNA Senator Hussain Mashhadi congratulated the President-elect of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Dr.
Over the past decade, we have been polling regional attitudes towards Iran and its policies, culminating at the end of 2012 with a survey of 20,000 citizens in 17 Arab countries and three non-Arab Muslim countries (Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Pakistan).
Our policy is clear so long as Iran continues to fail to address the concerns of the international community about its nuclear program, the U.