ijtihad

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ijtihad

(ˌɪdʒtəˈhɑːd)
n
an attempt to derive a legal ruling from the Koran
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Noun1.ijtihad - the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen; "some reform-minded Islamic scholars believe that reopening ijtihad is a prerequisite for the survival of Islam"
interpretation - an explanation that results from interpreting something; "the report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence"
References in periodicals archive ?
He furthermore encouraged the IAINs to teach religious science within an interdisciplinary format and to use a model of contextual hermeneutic to undertake itjihad.
Further to this, John Esposito and John Voll also point to the prevalence and centrality in Islamic law of concepts analogous to the fundamentals of democracy such as ijma (consensus), itjihad (independent interpretive judgment), the concurrent condemnation of fitnah (civil disorder) matched with the tolerance of ikhtilaf (disagreement) and dhimmah (the protection of Jewish and Christian minorities under the authority of Islam.
This is one of the principles of legal thought underlying personal interpretation or itjihad.