Jacobin(redirected from Jacobin clubs)
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1. A radical or extreme leftist.
2. A radical republican during the French Revolution.
3. A Dominican friar.
[Middle English, Dominican friar, from French, from Old French (frere) jacobin (translation of Medieval Latin (frāter) Iacōbīnus, Jacobinic brother, from Iacōbus, James, after the church of Saint Jacques in Paris, near which the friars built their first convent). Sense 2, from the fact that the Jacobins first met in the convent.]
Jac′o·bin′ic, Jac′o·bin′i·cal adj.
Jac′o·bin·ize′ (-bĭ-nīz′) v.
1. (Historical Terms) a member of the most radical club founded during the French Revolution, which overthrew the Girondists in 1793 and, led by Robespierre, instituted the Reign of Terror
2. a leftist or extreme political radical
3. (Roman Catholic Church) a French Dominican friar
4. (Breeds) (sometimes not capital) a variety of fancy pigeon with a hood of feathers swept up over and around the head
(Historical Terms) of, characteristic of, or relating to the Jacobins or their policies
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin Jacōbīnus, from Late Latin Jacōbus James; applied to the Dominicans, from the proximity of the church of St Jacques (St James) to their first convent in Paris; the political club originally met in the convent in 1789]
ˌJacoˈbinic, ˌJacoˈbinical adj
Jac•o•bin(ˈdʒæk ə bɪn)
1. (in the French Revolution) a member of a radical political club that instituted the Reign of Terror.
2. an extreme radical, esp. in politics.
3. a Dominican friar.
[1275–1325; (definition 3) Middle English Jacobin < Old French (frere) jacobin < Medieval Latin (frater) Jacōbīnus, after the church of Saint-Jacques in Paris, near where a Dominican convent was built (the same locale was a meeting place for the political club)]
Jac`o•bin′ic, Jac`o•bin′i•cal, adj.
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|Noun||1.||Jacobin - a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution|
terrorist - a radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities