Jacobin

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Jac·o·bin

 (jăk′ə-bĭn)
n.
1. A radical or extreme leftist.
2. A radical republican during the French Revolution.
3. A Dominican friar.

[Middle English, Dominican friar, from French, from Old French (frere) jacobin (translation of Medieval Latin (frāter) Iacōbīnus, Jacobinic brother, from Iacōbus, James, after the church of Saint Jacques in Paris, near which the friars built their first convent). Sense 2, from the fact that the Jacobins first met in the convent.]

Jac′o·bin′ic, Jac′o·bin′i·cal adj.
Jac′o·bin·ism n.
Jac′o·bin·ize′ (-bĭ-nīz′) v.

Jacobin

(ˈdʒækəbɪn)
n
1. (Historical Terms) a member of the most radical club founded during the French Revolution, which overthrew the Girondists in 1793 and, led by Robespierre, instituted the Reign of Terror
2. a leftist or extreme political radical
3. (Roman Catholic Church) a French Dominican friar
4. (Breeds) (sometimes not capital) a variety of fancy pigeon with a hood of feathers swept up over and around the head
adj
(Historical Terms) of, characteristic of, or relating to the Jacobins or their policies
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin Jacōbīnus, from Late Latin Jacōbus James; applied to the Dominicans, from the proximity of the church of St Jacques (St James) to their first convent in Paris; the political club originally met in the convent in 1789]
ˌJacoˈbinic, ˌJacoˈbinical adj
ˌJacoˈbinically adv
ˈJacobinism n

Jac•o•bin

(ˈdʒæk ə bɪn)

n.
1. (in the French Revolution) a member of a radical political club that instituted the Reign of Terror.
2. an extreme radical, esp. in politics.
3. a Dominican friar.
[1275–1325; (definition 3) Middle English Jacobin < Old French (frere) jacobin < Medieval Latin (frater) Jacōbīnus, after the church of Saint-Jacques in Paris, near where a Dominican convent was built (the same locale was a meeting place for the political club)]
Jac`o•bin′ic, Jac`o•bin′i•cal, adj.
Jac′o•bin•ism, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jacobin - a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution
terrorist - a radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities
Translations

Jacobin

[ˈdʒækəbɪn]
A. ADJjacobino
B. Njacobino/a m/f
References in classic literature ?
Quatrain composed for the gates of a market to he erected upon the site of the Jacobin Club House at Paris.
Unlike Gueniffey, Edelstein finds little evidence of electoral manipulation by the Jacobin clubs or fraud by returning officers.
In Morley's view, Jacobin democracy has had a strong presence in America since the founding era when Jacobin Clubs sympathetic to revolutionary France were organized throughout the states.
The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution, 1793-1795, by Michael L.
Kennedy, The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution, 1793-1795 (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books 2000)
Kennedy, The Jacobin Clubs in the French Revolution: The First Years (Princeton, 1982), pp.
Furthermore, he simply assumes that the revolution dismantled the monarchy and never ponders the fact that the articulate public idolized Louis XVI in quasi-religious language until the disastrous Flight to Varennes; that the work of deposing the king was the work of provincial National Guards, especially from Marseille and Brest, along with the extremists in the Paris Cordeliers Club; and that the majority of Jacobin Clubs assumed that a monarchy would continue even after Louis XVI had been deposed.
Explanations for the Terror inevitably involve some consideration of the Jacobin Clubs.