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1. A radical or extreme leftist.
2. A radical republican during the French Revolution.
3. A Dominican friar.

[Middle English, Dominican friar, from French, from Old French (frere) jacobin (translation of Medieval Latin (frāter) Iacōbīnus, Jacobinic brother, from Iacōbus, James, after the church of Saint Jacques in Paris, near which the friars built their first convent). Sense 2, from the fact that the Jacobins first met in the convent.]

Jac′o·bin′ic, Jac′o·bin′i·cal adj.
Jac′o·bin·ism n.
Jac′o·bin·ize′ (-bĭ-nīz′) v.


the practices of the Jacobins, a political group advocating equalitarian democracy during the French Revolution. — Jacobin, n.Jacobinic, adj.
See also: Politics
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jacobinism - the ideology of the most radical element of the French Revolution that instituted the Reign of Terror
radicalism - the political orientation of those who favor revolutionary change in government and society
References in periodicals archive ?
It is not my intention to doubt that the doctrine of the Illuminati and the principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States," Washington wrote in a letter to a friend that is still posted on the government's online archives.
12) In 1802, he denounced two entire congressional districts in New York for being "absorbed in Jacobinism.
A preference for judicial Jacobinism would, indeed, put him outside the mainstream.
Rhetorically, then, Godwin's conservative contemporaries sought to portray the masculine sexuality of jacobinism as brutal, destructive, and unrestrained: the radical thus became a sort of rapist, with Burke's famous eulogy for Marie Antoinette being a classic example.
Some of the mob violence against captured soldiers portends a Jacobinism that would jeopardize all remaining due-process protections in Turkey.
Blanshard's theory was, however, Jacobinism with a twentieth-century and rather American twist.
The French Revolution and the Terror, Napoleon's continuation of the Twelve's war on the Church, the sansculottic Jacobinism of Thomas Paine, and the troubling antiauthoritarianism of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Friedrich Nietzsche, Ludwig Feuerbach, and Arthur Schopenhauer, all combined to make the challenges to the Catholic Church's duties of evangelization unmistakably clear.
He and several others are of the view that in the modern period beginning with the American Declaration of Independence and the French Revolution rights have been won successively by struggling sections of society in the West against absolutism feudalism clerical power Jacobinism and other types of autocratic rule.
He argues that Kant defended the legitimacy of revolutionary Jacobinism as a necessary step in the establishment of a democratic state in circumstances where the ancien regime simply refused to recognize workers or slaves as equal human beings at all (pp.
Like William Pitt, the Catholic polemicist John Milner asked rhetorically if it was "from the side of Popery, or from the opposite quarter of Jacobinism, that the Established Church is in most danger at the present day" (qtd.
Bakunin sought to reverse the intrinsic Jacobinism that Babeuf inherited from having had the lived experience of the political success of Robespierre, the fall of his Committee of Public Safety and the failure of the Directory to pursue his radical path.
The neoliberal jacobinism of the argentine catholic business leaders