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An ascetic religion of India, founded in the sixth century bc, that teaches the immortality and transmigration of the soul and denies the existence of a supreme being.

Jain′ist adj.


(Other Non-Christian Religions) an ancient Hindu religion, which has its own scriptures and believes that the material world is eternal, progressing endlessly in a series of vast cycles
ˈJainist n, adj


(ˈdʒaɪ nɪz əm)

a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing asceticism and nonviolence toward all living creatures.


a dualistic, ascetic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. by a Hindu reformer as a revolt against the caste system and the vague world spirit of Hinduism. — Jain,n.,adj.Jainist, n.
See also: Religion
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jainism - sect founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against HinduismJainism - sect founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism
religious order, religious sect, sect - a subdivision of a larger religious group
Jainist - a believer in Jainism
2.Jainism - religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul; denies existence of a perfect or supreme being
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
ahimsa - a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence


[ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm] njaïnisme m
References in periodicals archive ?
The only contribution on Jain social engagement, this essay examines some of the tensions inherent in Jainism between social ethics and renunciation.
Individual topics include the Islamic perspective, Jainism, tolerance of early Buddhism, and the concept of religious freedom.
The VHP has sought to play down the issue, saying that Buddhism, like Jainism and Sikhism, was an offshoot of the Vedanta philosophy and that the Tibetan spiritual leader has been attending several Hindu functions.
Globalized Soul uses the opportunity to explore the principles of ancient Jainism, which birthed Gandhi's concept of nonviolence.
Those who ascribe to Jainism and Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism understand that their path to holiness will entail a lifelong struggle with karma.
Tishani's mother's family were Welsh speaking Methodists, while her father's Gujarati speaking family followed Jainism, an Indian religion prescribing non-violence.
From a young man who believed that "his own Buddhist religion must be the best and that other faiths were somehow inferior," he has grown into a spiritual leader who rejoices in the wisdom found in sources as diverse as Christianity, whose practitioners have strongly impressed him with the value of social activism, and Jainism, with its passion for living without causing harm to other creatures.
Even before the advent of Islam, fasting had been practised in Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Jainism and other eastern and pagan religions.
315); and (2) it spends about 200 pages outlining in brief factual chapters the origins and attributes of the major religions of the world--Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, Daoism, Shinto, Mahayana Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Sikhism.
Outlining her work, which included holy books of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, she said that most people used Quranic verses against women although Quran gives equal status to both men and women.
Religions represented are Christianity (in its Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant variants), Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Jainism, Sikhism, Tenrikyo, Parsism and Shinto, among others.
eIuSamsara,eIN eI| a reference to the cycle of reincarnation or rebirth in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and other related religions eI|E[sz] opened at the Opera on Wednesday with a warning from the images that would be screened.