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any plant of the genus Jatropha, esp the poisonous shrub Jatropha curcas, originating in Central America but also found in Asia and Africa; used mainly as a component for biofuel
[from Greek iatros physician + trophē nourishment]
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Noun1.jatropha - a mainly tropical genus of American plant belonging to the family EuphorbiaceaeJatropha - a mainly tropical genus of American plant belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae
rosid dicot genus - a genus of dicotyledonous plants
Euphorbiaceae, family Euphorbiaceae, spurge family - a family of plants of order Geraniales
Jatropha curcus, physic nut - small tropical American tree yielding purple dye and a tanning extract and bearing physic nuts containing a purgative oil that is poisonous in large quantities
References in periodicals archive ?
Jatropha plant is a multipurpose drought resistant shrub, a native to tropical America but thrives in Africa, Asia and other tropical and subtropical countries.
curcas seeds contain a toxalbumin, curcin, which is 1 000 times less toxic than ricin found in Jatropha multifida seeds.
ABSTRACT: The insect pests and their associated natural enemies on jatropha were monitored at three different experimental locations, i.
Pollen morphology of four species of Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae), including toxic varieties, in Northwestern Mexico
The fatty acid compositions of Jatropha oil and Vernicia oil are strikingly different, which leads to a great difference in combustion performance, low temperature performance and oxidation stability.
As to jatropha and with the expansion of the planted area in Brazil, significant amounts of press cake have been generated every year.
From the hypothesis that Jatropha has high socio-economic potential to be exploited in the state of Goias, studies providing definition of the suitable and unsuitable areas for Jatropha cultivation based on climatic variables are of utmost importance.
Jatropha plants are viable source of natural oil, perfectly suited to provide renewable component of bio-diesel and bio-kerosene.
Supported by the EU, a demonstration project, called "JatroMed,", uses the plant Jatropha curcas as a way to produce renewable and sustainable energy in the Mediterranean region.
The genus Jatropha includes 175 species in the world (Dehgan and Webster, 1976; Ye et al.