These sculptures brought him quick renown, and he began to move in circles with other avant-garde artists of the time, including Jean Arp
(1887-1966), Max Ernst (1891-1976), Joan Miro (1893-1983) and Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), each of whom were applying the tenets of Surrealism in their own art.
What the Valley of the Dolls sequence succinctly represents is the movement from Calder's own originary aesthetic moments, under the influence of the biomorphism of Jean Arp
, Joan Miro, Yves Tanguy, etc.
Sometimes the great Modernist figures would come around, like Alexander Calder when he was in Paris, or Auguste Herbin, Jean Arp
, and Sonia Delaunay.
Dialectics of the Dialectic (1945), before leaving Bucharest in 1952 for Paris, where he collaborated with Jean Arp
, Max Ernst, and others.
He boldly summons, for example, Constantin Brancusi and Jean Arp
(whose works hold court in the Art Institute's modern collection), calling on the rudimentary formal language championed in early-twentieth-century avant-garde sculpture.
Following in the footsteps of Jean Arp
, John Cage, and Luke Rhinehart (author of the 1971 cult novel The Dice Man), Tyson allowed chance to steer the decisions made en route to his works' final appearances.
The sculpture's eccentric combination of color and shape suggests an improbable meeting of Japanese anime and Jean Arp
Arguably, the show's centerpiece was BLUE AND CREAM TRAVELING LANGUAGE MACHINE, a large freestanding construction that, along with the likes of the wall relief SAVOIRE FAIRE IS EVERYWHERE, seemed convincing evidence that Carter is inspired fairly directly by Joan Miro, Jean Arp
, Alexander Calder, and Yves Tanguy.
In spite of Francis's inevitable attraction to the School of Paris's biomorphism (refined from Picasso by the likes of Jean Arp
and Yves Tanguy), he didn't allow it to turn his abstractions into polite simplifications of still lifes or landscapes.
In fact, having spent the past decade as a ventriloquist who made the modernist visual language of Alexander Calder, Jean Arp
, and Joan Miro speak to contemporary issues--networking, long-range communication, globalization--Carter now seems content to focus on form and to experiment with new materials.
Rose Shuey, a long-time supporter of the Cranbrook Art Museum, contributed one of the campaign's first major gifts in 2002: a collection of 46 works of art by 38 artists including Jean Arp
, William de Kooning, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Motherwell, Bridget Riley, Frank Stella and Andy Warhol.