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 (shär-kō′), Jean Baptiste Étienne Auguste 1867-1936.
French explorer who led two missions to the Antarctic (1903-1905 and 1908-1910). He died in a shipwreck near Iceland.


, Jean Martin 1825-1893.
French neurologist known for his research into diseases of the nervous system, especially hysteria. Sigmund Freud was one of his pupils.


(French ʃarko)
(Biography) Jean Martin (ʒɑ̃ martɛ̃). 1825–93, French neurologist, noted for his attempt using hypnotism to find an organic cause for hysteria, which influenced Freud



Jean Martin (ʒɑ̃) 1825–93, French neuropathologist.
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Noun1.Charcot - French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
References in periodicals archive ?
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: provision of distributors towel, removing those currently installed and installation of new and provision of towel rolls adapted to the different buildings and sites of jean-martin charcot hospital.
The French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot first described motor neurone disease in 1874.
He was intrigued by Jean-Martin Charcot, the neurologist who worked at the asylum.
A relevant component of the now largely discredited theory of hysteria, developed by the French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot in the 19th century, was the concept of the "hysterogenic zones".
He documents the aspects of "thinker" and "conquistador" in Freud's early career, including the shift in his interest from the brain to the mind and the hypnotic, the influence of the neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot, and the evolution of his early clinical technique, to illustrate the shifts in Freud and his awareness of a psychoanalytic reality.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), often called Lou Gehrig's Disease, is a motor neuron disease first described in 1869 by the noted French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot.
Jean-Martin Charcot reported improvements in his patients, but he died shortly thereafter and a more complete evaluation of the therapy was never conducted.
Discovered in 1886 by three physicians, Jean-Martin Charcot, Pierre Marie, and Howard Henry Tooth (Charcot & Marie, 1886; Tooth, 1886), CMT affects an estimated 2.
Centers outside the United States include Charite - Universitatsmedizin in Berlin Germany, Medizinische Hochschule in Hannover Germany, Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield UK, University Hospital Gasthuisberg in Leuven Belgium, UMCG Groningen in the Netherlands and the Group Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere in Paris, France where ALS was first classically described by Jean-Martin Charcot.