Jerusalem


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Je·ru·sa·lem

 (jə-ro͞o′sə-ləm, -zə-)
A city divided between east-central Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Jerusalem was founded as far back as the fourth millennium bc and was ruled by the Canaanites, Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Turks, and British before being divided in 1949 into eastern and western sectors under Israeli and Jordanian control. In 1967, Israeli forces captured the eastern sector from Jordan, later declaring the city as a whole to be the capital of Israel. The legal status of Jerusalem, considered a holy city by Jews, Muslims, and Christians, remains fiercely disputed.

Je·ru′sa·lem·ite′ (-lə-mīt′) n.

Jerusalem

(dʒəˈruːsələm)
n
1. (Placename) the de facto capital of Israel (recognition of this has been withheld by the United Nations), situated in the Judaean hills: became capital of the Hebrew kingdom after its capture by David around 1000 bc; destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 bc; taken by the Romans in 63 bc; devastated in 70 ad and 135 ad during the Jewish rebellions against Rome; fell to the Arabs in 637 and to the Seljuk Turks in 1071; ruled by Crusaders from 1099 to 1187 and by the Egyptians and Turks until conquered by the British (1917); centre of the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, when the Arabs took the old city and the Jews held the new city; unified after the Six Day War (1967) under the Israelis; the holy city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Pop: 693 200 (2003 est)
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the New Jerusalem Christianity Heaven
3. any ideal city

Je•ru•sa•lem

(dʒɪˈru sə ləm, -zə-)

n.
an ancient holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950. 591,400.
Je•ru′sa•lem•ite`, adj., n.

Jerusalem

A holy city for Jews and the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Judah. The Western Wall is venerated as the only remaining part of the Temple.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed)Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Holy Sepulcher, Holy Sepulchre - the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Temple of Jerusalem, Temple of Solomon - any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Calvary, Golgotha - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
Sion, Zion - originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"
Wailing Wall - a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Translations
Jerusalém

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm]
A. NJerusalén f
B. CPD Jerusalem artichoke Naguaturma f, pataca f

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm] nJérusalemJerusalem artichoke ntopinambour m

Jerusalem

nJerusalem nt

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsləm] nGerusalemme f
References in classic literature ?
Simeon, Abel-Phittim, and Duzi-Ben-Levi were the Gizbarim, or sub-collectors of the offering, in the holy city of Jerusalem.
So that when Simeon and his associates arrived on the summit of the tower called Adoni-Bezek-the loftiest of all the turrets around about Jerusalem, and the usual place of conference with the besieging army-they looked down upon the camp of the enemy from an eminence excelling by many feet that of the Pyramid of Cheops, and, by several, that of the temple of Belus.
William Blake proposed to rebuild Jerusalem in this green and pleasant land.
From Joppa, Jerusalem, the River Jordan, the Sea of Tiberias, Nazareth, Bethany, Bethlehem, and other points of interest in the Holy Land can be visited, and here those who may have preferred to make the journey from Beirut through the country, passing through Damascus, Galilee, Capernaum, Samaria, and by the River Jordan and Sea of Tiberias, can rejoin the steamer.
However, had not we the seductive program still, with its Paris, its Constantinople, Smyrna, Jerusalem, Jericho, and "our friends the Bermudians?
The Preacher who was king over Israel in Jerusalem thought as I think.
for he is the charmingest horse, and so beautiful and shiny and black, and hasn't another color on him anywhere, except a white star in his forehead, not just an imitation star, but a real one, with four points, shaped exactly like a star that's hand-made, and if you should cover him all up but his star you would know him anywhere, even in Jerusalem or Australia, by that.
I made the sign of the Knights of the East and of Jerusalem, and he responded in the same manner, asking me with a mild smile what I had learned and gained in the Prussian and Scottish lodges.
O, had I the wings of the morning, I'd fly away to Canaan's shore; Bright angels should convey me home, To the new Jerusalem.
In requiring the proletariat to carry out such a system, and thereby to march straightway into the social New Jerusalem, it but requires in reality, that the proletariat should remain within the bounds of existing society, but should cast away all its hateful ideas concerning the bourgeoisie.
They still dream of experimental realisation of their social Utopias, of founding isolated "phalansteres," of establishing "Home Colonies," of setting up a "Little Icaria" -- duodecimo editions of the New Jerusalem -- and to realise all these castles in the air, they are compelled to appeal to the feelings and purses of the bourgeois.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu opened an exhibition at UN headquarters on Thursday about the alleged Jewish connection to the occupied city of Jerusalem.