Jerusalem cricket

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Jerusalem cricket

Any of several nocturnal burrowing orthopteran insects of the subfamily Stenopelmatinae, especially Stenopelmatus fuscus of western North America, having a large round head and a striped abdomen. Also called potato bug.

[Perhaps from Jerusalem!, exclamation uttered upon encountering the large insect, or from partial translation during contact between the Navajo and Christian missionaries of Navajo ch'osh bich'ich l̷ichii', red-skull bug (in reference to the skull-like appearance of its head and the hill of Golgotha outside Jerusalem, whose name is said in the Bible (Mark 15:22) to mean place of a skull) .]

Jeru′salem crick′et

a reddish brown cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, of arid areas in W North America, with a banded abdomen and short spiny legs.
[1945–50, Amer.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem cricket - large wingless nocturnal grasshopper that burrows in loose soil along the Pacific coast of the United States
long-horned grasshopper, tettigoniid - grasshoppers with long threadlike antennae and well-developed stridulating organs on the forewings of the male
References in periodicals archive ?
It is among five new species of bug found in the area, and are for the most part varieties of Jerusalem cricket, a six-legged wingless bug.
The baby alien turned out to be a Jerusalem cricket, otherwise known as a potato bug,'' he chuckles.
In addition to discovering a new species of Jerusalem cricket, James has amassed a "museum" class collection from around the world and has given over 220 presentations to schools, civic groups and museums.
The potato bug, also known as the Jerusalem cricket, drew the most cringes.

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