Jerusalem

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Je·ru·sa·lem

 (jə-ro͞o′sə-ləm, -zə-)
A city divided between east-central Israel and the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Jerusalem was founded as far back as the fourth millennium bc and was ruled by the Canaanites, Hebrews, Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Turks, and British before being divided in 1949 into eastern and western sectors under Israeli and Jordanian control. In 1967, Israeli forces captured the eastern sector from Jordan, later declaring the city as a whole to be the capital of Israel. The legal status of Jerusalem, considered a holy city by Jews, Muslims, and Christians, remains fiercely disputed.

Je·ru′sa·lem·ite′ (-lə-mīt′) n.

Jerusalem

(dʒəˈruːsələm)
n
1. (Placename) the de facto capital of Israel (recognition of this has been withheld by the United Nations), situated in the Judaean hills: became capital of the Hebrew kingdom after its capture by David around 1000 bc; destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 bc; taken by the Romans in 63 bc; devastated in 70 ad and 135 ad during the Jewish rebellions against Rome; fell to the Arabs in 637 and to the Seljuk Turks in 1071; ruled by Crusaders from 1099 to 1187 and by the Egyptians and Turks until conquered by the British (1917); centre of the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, when the Arabs took the old city and the Jews held the new city; unified after the Six Day War (1967) under the Israelis; the holy city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Pop: 693 200 (2003 est)
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the New Jerusalem Christianity Heaven
3. any ideal city

Je•ru•sa•lem

(dʒɪˈru sə ləm, -zə-)

n.
an ancient holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950. 591,400.
Je•ru′sa•lem•ite`, adj., n.

Jerusalem

A holy city for Jews and the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Judah. The Western Wall is venerated as the only remaining part of the Temple.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed)Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
Holy Sepulcher, Holy Sepulchre - the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Temple of Jerusalem, Temple of Solomon - any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Calvary, Golgotha - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
Sion, Zion - originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"
Wailing Wall - a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Translations
Jerusalém

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm]
A. NJerusalén f
B. CPD Jerusalem artichoke Naguaturma f, pataca f

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsələm] nJérusalemJerusalem artichoke ntopinambour m

Jerusalem

nJerusalem nt

Jerusalem

[dʒəˈruːsləm] nGerusalemme f
References in periodicals archive ?
WHIC said some 60 Israeli settlers broke into the area before dawn and broke into a Palestinian-owned building, claiming they had purchased it from a Jerusalemite Palestinian named Jamal Sarhan.
I Am A Jerusalemite" is the self-directed story of performer Yehoram Gaon, a native-born Jerusalemite who learned to appreciate the city's wonders with time; Ofer Naim's "Voice of Jerusalem" gathers interviews with people of all faiths and backgrounds who call Jerusalem home; Yale Roe's "Jerusalem: The City Touched By God" surveys Jerusalem's 3,000 year history, enriched by the soul-stirring music of the Mormon Tabernacle choir; and Yale Roe's "To Live A Dream: the Teddy Kollek Story" is an amazing portrait of the Jerusalem mayor whose 28-year tenure spanned the 1967 Six-Day War and the 1990 Persian Gulf War.
issue of Palestinian Jerusalemite, Ahmad Al-Maghreby, who has been engaged in
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I say here on his behalf that he is a believing Muslim Jerusalemite, who is well rooted in the traditions of his country and his people.
SHIN SHIFRA, descendant of an old Jerusalemite family, is the
Their topics include establishing an atmosphere of perpetuity in Jerusalemite Yehud, the purpose of historical discourse in the Book of Judith, and lessons from the study of natural history for reconstructing the history of the earliest Christianity.
Having presided on a meeting of inter-Islamic MPs devoted to al-Aqsa Mosque and ensuing uprising, Berri quoted the late Jerusalemite deputy Faysal Huseini's warning against Israel's creeping Judaization of Jerusalem saying practical steps must be adopted to defend the endangered Palestinian presence in the city.
A 38-year-old Jerusalemite Palestinian was arrested by the Israeli troops on claims that a gun and ammunition were found in his home.
Israeli police ordered Sabri Abu-Nab and Abdullah Abu-Nab, two Jerusalemite Palestinians, and their families to leave their homes before August 11, because the two properties are absentee.
Sources said that Israeli forces broke into the neighborhood at 6:30 AM and began the demolition process of three facilities, which include two garages and a blacksmith workshop, that belong to Jerusalemite families.
The message also talked about Israel's eviction of Jerusalemite families