Jewish Autonomous Region

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Jewish Autonomous Region

n
(Placename) an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq km (13 895 sq miles). Also called: Birobidzhan or Birobijan

Jew′ish Auton′omous Re′gion


n.
an autonomous region in the Khabarovsk territory of the Russian Federation in E Siberia. 216,000; 13,900 sq. mi. (36,000 sq. km). Cap.: Birobidzhan.
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According to 1996 data, the ratio of transfers to territorial budget revenues in these ethnic administrative units (Chukotskii autonomous okrug, Jewish autonomous oblast, and Koriakskii autonomous okrug) exceeded the country's average by 1.
These regions, with the exception of the Republic of Sakha and the Chukotskii autonomous okrug, are characterized by higher crime levels and are, unfortunately, leaders in the number of registered per capita crimes: in 1998, Magadanskaia oblast ranked second in Russia, the Jewish autonomous oblast was third, Sakhalinskaia oblast fourth, Khabarovskii krai took sixth place, and Primorskii krai seventeenth.
It is anticipated that the bridge, designed with an annual passage capacity of 21 million tons, is to highly develop the transportation conditions of Tongjiang port and offer a shortcut between China and Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Amur Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast and Sakha (Yakut) Republic.

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