Jewish calendar


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Related to Jewish calendar: Yom Kippur, Hebrew Year

Jewish calendar

n.
The lunisolar calendar used to mark the events of the Jewish year, dating the creation of the world at 3761 bc. See Table at calendar.

Jewish calendar

n
(Judaism) the lunisolar calendar used by the Jews, in which time is reckoned from 3761 bc: regarded as the year of the Creation. The months, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, Elul, Tishri, Cheshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, and Adar, have either 29 or 30 days. Originally a new month was declared when the new moon was sighted in Jerusalem, but when this became impossible, a complex formula was devised to keep Rosh Chodesh near to the new moon. In addition, to keep the harvest festivals in the right seasons, there is a Metonic cycle of 14 years, in five of which an additional month is added after Shevat. The year according to biblical reckoning begins with Nisan, and the civil year begins with Tishri; the years are numbered from Tishri. Also called: Hebrew calendar See also Adar

Jew′ish cal′endar


n.
a calendar used by Jews, as for determining religious holidays, that is reckoned from the traditional date of the Creation (corresponding to 3761 b.c.).
[1885–90]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jewish calendar - (Judaism) the calendar used by the Jews; dates from 3761 BC (the assumed date of the Creation of the world); a lunar year of 354 days is adjusted to the solar year by periodic leap years
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
lunisolar calendar - a calendar based on both lunar and solar cycles
Jewish calendar month - a month in the Jewish calendar
Tishri - the first month of the civil year; the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in September and October)
Heshvan - the second month of the civil year; the eighth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in October and November)
Chislev, Kislev - the third month of the civil year; the ninth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in November and December)
Tebet, Tevet - the fourth month of the civil year; the tenth month of the ecclesiastical year (in December and January)
Shebat, Shevat - the fifth month of the civil year: the eleventh month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in January and February)
Adar - the sixth month of the civil year; the twelfth month of the ecclesiastic year in the Jewish calendar (in February and March)
Adar Sheni, Veadar - included seven times in every 19 years
Nisan, Nissan - the seventh month of the civil year; the first month of the ecclesiastic year (in March and April)
Iyar, Iyyar - the eighth month of the civil year; the second month of the ecclesiastical year (in April and May)
Sivan, Siwan - the ninth month of the civil year; the third month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in May and June)
Tammuz, Thammuz - the tenth month of the civil year; the fourth month of the ecclesiastic year (in June and July)
Av, Ab - the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August)
Ellul, Elul - the twelfth month of the civil year; the sixth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in August and September)
References in periodicals archive ?
As the Jewish calendar is not synchronized with the Roman calendar, Hanukkah is celebrated on different days each year and usually includes December 25, or what Christians know as Christmas.
For the first time, more than 1,800 public schools in New York will close for the Muslim feast of sacrifice, a day after also closing for Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar.
This came after Israeli authorities decided to deny Muslim worshippers access into the Mosque while allowed Jewish settlers to force their way into it from Wednesday 10am to Thursday 10am purportedly for celebrating the first of September according to the Jewish calendar.
According to the Jewish calendar, Jerusalem Day falls on Saturday May 16, however, the Jewish Shabat (day of rest) on Saturday has forced the postponement of the occasion to Sunday.
Israel, for its part, is expected to criticize Lofven's announcement, which came at the start of the quiet period around Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish calendar.
Palestinian sources said that Israeli authorities will allow Jewish settlers to violate the sanctity of the mosque during that day in order to celebrate the so-called "Day of Repentance", as per the Jewish calendar.
Usually observed on the 27th day of the Nisan, the first month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar, the day is a national memorial day in Israel.
The first night of Hanukkah is always on the 25th day of the month of Kislev on the Jewish calendar.
As we enter the year 5774 on the Jewish calendar, I find myself thinking about where the world was 100 years ago.
Tu b'Av BBQ & Jam - Celebrate one of the happiest days on the Jewish calendar at 4 p.
Lyons possessed a deep interest in Jewish history and published historical information on Jewish communities in the United States, Canada, and the West Indies in his 1854 compilation, A Jewish Calendar for Fifty Years.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad speaks at the United Nations today, which also happens to be Yom Kippur, the holiest day on the Jewish calendar.

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