Johann Winckelmann


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Noun1.Johann Winckelmann - German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)Johann Winckelmann - German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)
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At least since Johann Winckelmann and the invention of art history in the age of the Enlightenment, German culture has had a passionate relationship to an idea of Greece.
By tracing a series of overlapping patterns, the book shows how figures as different as the German art historian and archaeologist Johann Winckelmann, writers Walt Whitman, Stendhal, and James Agee, and sculptor Auguste Rodin all contributed to the challenging of old artistic taxonomies which "defined discourse as a body with well-articulated parts, the poem as a plot, and a plot as an order of actions" (xiv).
Schubert, in the tradition of Johann Winckelmann and Schiller's "Die Gotter Griechenlands," tended to interpret death as a release from cruel present reality into an idyllic "fairyland of song" ("Feen-land der Lieder"), but in Winterreise as a whole and "Das Wirtshaus" in particular, death remains beyond reach.