Julian calendar


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Related to Julian calendar: Gregorian calendar, Julian date

Julian calendar

n.
The solar calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in Rome in 46 bc, having a year of 12 months and 365 days and a leap year of 366 days every fourth year. It was eventually replaced by the Gregorian calendar. See Table at calendar.

Julian calendar

n
(Historical Terms) the calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 bc, identical to the present calendar in all but two aspects: the beginning of the year was not fixed on Jan 1 and leap years occurred every fourth year and in every centenary year. Compare Gregorian calendar

Jul′ian cal′endar


n.
the calendar established by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C., fixing the length of the year at 365 days and at 366 days every fourth year. There are 12 months of 30 or 31 days, except for February, which has 28 days with the exception of every fourth year, or leap year, when it has 29 days. Compare Gregorian calendar.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Julian calendar - the solar calendar introduced in Rome in 46 b.c. by Julius Caesar and slightly modified by Augustus, establishing the 12-month year of 365 days with each 4th year having 366 days and the months having 31 or 30 days except for February
solar calendar - a calendar based on solar cycles
References in periodicals archive ?
However, Orthodox Christians would be more dramatically affected by this change than Catholics, since the astronomical equinox is much closer to March 21 on the Gregorian calendar than it is to March 21 on the Julian calendar.
The Assyrian, Coptic, and Ethiopian churches also celebrate Christmas on January 7 according to the Julian Calendar.
Gregorian calendar replaced Julian calendar in 1582.
Or, if we measure conferences, not by the Julian calendar of 365 days, but by some other reference, such as dog years, then you lived a full life.
George Greek Orthodox Church - Celebration of the Greek Orthodox Pascha, or Easter, which is calculated on the Julian calendar, begins at 11 p.
A 66-year-old Limassol resident was buried in a private field last week, on a site earmarked for a future cemetery by the Old Calendarists, who split from the Orthodox Church when the latter adopted a form of the Gregorian calendar, rather than sticking with the old Julian calendar.
Christmas is marked according to the Julian calendar in Russia, Serbia, Georgia, Macedonia, by the Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Copts in Egypt, and monasteries on Mount Athos in Greece.
Ethiopia retains the Julian calendar and usually the New Year falls on September 11.
As Christ's life was decreed the most significant, the difference between before and after was instigated by the Romans, then updated from the Julian calendar from 304 days to 365 days under Emperor Augustus and Pope Gregory, who brought in the leap year.
Eastern Orthodox churches use the older Julian calendar and celebrate Christmas on Jan.
In the 16th Century, Pope Gregory XIII revised the Julian calendar, and the celebration of the New Year was returned to January 1.
The Russian, Jerusalem, Serbian and Georgian Orthodox churches, Athos monasteries, some Catholics and some Protestants celebrate Christmas on January 7 in line with the Julian calendar, while Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Anglicans and some Orthodox churches celebrate the feast on December 25.