It is another of Sibelius's pieces inspired by Finnish legend, setting lines from the national epic the Kalevala
While Michael Branch's lead chapter "Finnish Oral Poetry, Kalevala
, and Kanteletar" is a fitting and time-tested introduction to the section, much of what follows suffers from omissions (scant reference to Eeva-Liisa Manner's substantial body of translations, for instance); scattered, fragmented, and superficial references which undermine the work as a stimulus for further study; lack of reasons why some authors deserve to be considered individually and at length while others are paired or lumped together, receiving truncated treatment or a mere mention of their names; and frequent, dismissive synopsizing generally.
For example, Finland's most famous musical figure, Jean Sibelius, found inspiration in a distinctly homegrown mythology; witness, for example, his tone poems, Finlandia, Karelia, and "The Swan of Tuonela," all of which are based on the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala
Europe is also the ecstatic religion of Spain and the threatening myths of the Finnish Kalevala
It is especially notable for its relentless use of trochaic meter, which Longfellow adapted from the meter of the Finnish epic Kalevala
raised the stakes in Beginnings, its sense-surround pooling of creation epics, including the Finnish Kalevala
Open Competition: Execution Of Works On Preparation Of Project Documentation And Construction Of Apartment Houses To Provide Activities For Resettlement Of Citizens From Emergency Housing In The Territory Of Kalevala
National District, Kem, Louhi, Lahdenpohja Pitkarantsky And Municipal Districts Of The Republic Of Karelia (Stage 2)
When he should have been studying for his Classics examinations, Tolkien was instead immersing himself in Sir Charles Eliot's Finnish Grammar and a "wild assault on the stronghold of the original language [of The Kalevala
which] was repulsed at first with heavy losses" (21).
This article argues that Tolkien adapts principles derived from the Kalevala
specifically to inform Middle-Earth's creative ethic.
These cultural elements include domination by foreign powers, the national epic Kalevala
, the country's political history, an agrarian mindset, an appreciation of nature, and being bi-lingual (Swedish and Finnish).
Illustrating the past became relevant with the popularity of the heroic romanticism introduced in the Kalevala
, the epic songs published by Elias Lonnrot (in 1835, second edition in 1849).
The trio, Arto Rinnie, Igor Arkhipoff and Alexander "Sasha" Bykadoroff, are from Karelia, a region that encompasses Finland and Russia, also known as Kalevala
, an ancient land of forests, lakes, small villages and epic songs.