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A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C18H36N4O11, obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus and used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, usually in its sulfate form.

[New Latin kanamyc(ēticus), specific epithet (Japanese kana-, golden (from the color of its colonies), combining form of kane, gold (possibly of late Old Chinese origin and akin to Mandarin jīn, and Cantonese gam1, gold) + New Latin mycēticus, fungus, from -mycētēs; see -mycete) + -in.]


(Pharmacology) an aminoglycoside antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus, used in the treatment of various infections, esp those caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Formula: C18H36N4O11
[C20: from New Latin kanamyceticus]
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Noun1.kanamycin - antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"