This was in the Northern, Anglian, kingdom of Northumbria
(Yorkshire and Southern Scotland), which, as we have already said, had then won the political supremacy, and whose monasteries and capital city, York, thanks to the Irish missionaries, had become the chief centers of learning and culture in Western Christian Europe.
Mr Kumar said: "This was a stunning find and one that gives us a vivid picture of life among high-class Saxon families living in what was the old Kingdom of Northumbria
After its decline, the Kingdom of Northumbria
was absorbed into the Scandinavian kingdom of what?
45 Southwell A king and martyr, Oswald (605-642) was the second of seven brothers, sons of Ethelfrid, who was grandson of Ida, founder of the Kingdom of Northumbria
The site of the castle, which sits on a huge outcrop of rock on the North Sea, has been continuously occupied since the Bronze Age and was an Anglo-Saxon stronghold in the sixth century (it is first mentioned in 543 AD) and the capital of the kingdom of Northumbria
from the seventh century.
While a bit further down the coast is the stunning Bamburgh Castle, the one-time capital of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria
During the 7th century, from his base in Bamburgh, Oswald ruled the Kingdom of Northumbria
which once extended from Edinburgh to Leeds.
The most impressive is the 15th century St Oswald's church, dedicated to the modern town's reputed founding father who was believed to be a monarch of the old Celtic kingdom of Northumbria
The penetration into what is now Scotland by Anglians from the neighbouring kingdom of Northumbria
is widely held to post-date their official conversion to Christianity in 627.
The church is sited on a ridge called The Heugh, with clear views of the Farne Islands, so closely associated with St Cuthbert and Bamburgh, a royal seat of power for the kingdom of Northumbria
The dig has uncovered huge sandstone blocks used in the building of the church on The Heugh, a ridge on Holy Island which offers extensive views of the Farne Islands and Bamburgh, which was a royal capital of the kingdom of Northumbria
Taking that argument to its logical conclusion, we should be calling ourselves Northumbrians as the Kingdom of Northumbria
both pre-dated and covered the areas known as Cleveland and Yorkshire, and who among us when travelling in other parts of the country hasn't been mistaken for a "Geordie"?