Kingdom of Spain
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|Noun||1.||Kingdom of Spain - a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power|
auto-da-fe - the burning to death of heretics (as during the Spanish Inquisition)
Spanish Civil War - civil war in Spain in which Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government; during the war Spain became a battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries; 1936-1939
Galician - a language spoken in Galicia in northwestern Spain; it is between Portuguese and Spanish but closer to Portuguese; sometimes considered a Portuguese or Spanish dialect
Spanish - the Romance language spoken in most of Spain and the countries colonized by Spain
Catalan - the Romance language spoken in Catalonia in eastern Spain (related to Spanish and Occitan)
paella - saffron-flavored dish made of rice with shellfish and chicken
Basque Fatherland and Liberty, Basque Homeland and Freedom, ETA, Euskadi ta Askatasuna - a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create an independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees; "in 1968 ETA launched a campaign of political assassinations of government officials"
First of October Antifascist Resistance Group, GRAPO - an armed wing of the (illegal) Communist Party of Spain; seeks to overthrow the Spanish government and replace it with a Marxist-Leninist regime; "GRAPO is vehemently opposed to the United States"
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Andalucia, Andalusia - a region in southern Spain on the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; formerly a center of Moorish civilization
capital of Spain, Madrid, Spanish capital - the capital and largest city situated centrally in Spain; home of an outstanding art museum
Balearic Islands - an archipelago in the western Mediterranean off the eastern coast of Spain
Majorca - the largest of the Balearic Islands
Canaries, Canary Islands - a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces
Barcelona - a city in northeastern Spain on the Mediterranean; 2nd largest Spanish city and the largest port and commercial center; has been a center for radical political beliefs
Cadiz - an ancient port city in southwestern Spain
Cartagena - a port in southeastern Spain on the Mediterranean
Leon - a city in northwestern Spain at the foot of the Cantabrian Mountains
Logrono - a city in northern Spain on the Ebro River
Malaga - a port city and resort in Andalusia in southern Spain on the Mediterranean
Oviedo - a city in northwestern Spain near the Cantabrian Mountains
San Sebastian - a city in northern Spain on the Bay of Biscay near the French border; a fashionable seaside resort
Sevilla, Seville - a city in southwestern Spain; a major port and cultural center; the capital of bullfighting in Spain
Toledo - a city in central Spain on the Tagus river; famous for steel and swords since the first century
Aragon - a region of northeastern Spain; a former kingdom that united with Castile in 1479 to form Spain (after the marriage of Ferdinand V and Isabella I)
Saragossa, Zaragoza - an ancient city on the Ebro River in northeastern Spain; formerly the capital of Aragon
Castile, Castilla - a region of central Spain; a former kingdom that comprised most of modern Spain and united with Aragon to form Spain in 1479
Catalonia - a region of northeastern Spain
Galicia - a region (and former kingdom) in northwestern Spain on the Atlantic and the Bay of Biscay
Valencia - a city in eastern Spain on the Mediterranean; "Valencia is the third largest city in Spain"
Lusitania - ancient region and Roman province on the Iberian Peninsula; corresponds roughly to modern Portugal and parts of Spain
Cantabrian Mountains - a range of mountains in northern Spain along the coast of the Bay of Biscay
Cape Trafalgar - a small cape in southwestern Spain; "Nelson defeated the French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar in 1805"