kingdom

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king·dom

 (kĭng′dəm)
n.
1. A political or territorial unit ruled by a sovereign.
2.
a. The eternal spiritual sovereignty of God or Christ.
b. The realm of this sovereignty.
3. A realm or sphere in which one thing is dominant: the kingdom of the imagination.
4. In the Linnean taxonomic system, the highest taxonomic category into which organisms are grouped, based on fundamental similarities and common ancestry. One widely used taxonomic system designates five or six such groups: animals, plants, fungi, protists, and prokaryotes (often divided into bacteria and archaea). Other systems divide organisms into domains (eukaryotes, bacteria, and archaea) that replace or rank above kingdoms.
5. One of the three main divisions (animal, vegetable, and mineral) into which natural organisms and objects have traditionally been classified.

[Middle English, from Old English cyningdōm : cyning, king; see king + -dōm, -dom.]

kingdom

(ˈkɪŋdəm)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a territory, state, people, or community ruled or reigned over by a king or queen
2. any of the three groups into which natural objects may be divided: the animal, plant, and mineral kingdoms
3. (Biology) biology any of the major categories into which living organisms of the domain Eukarya are classified. Modern systems recognize four kingdoms: Protoctista (algae, protozoans, etc), Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. See also domain12
4. (Theology) theol the eternal sovereignty of God
5. an area of activity, esp mental activity, considered as being the province of something specified: the kingdom of the mind.
ˈkingdomless adj

king•dom

(ˈkɪŋ dəm)

n.
1. a state or government having a king or queen as its head.
2. anything constituting an independent realm; domain: the kingdom of thought.
3. a realm of nature, esp. one of the three broad divisions of natural objects: the animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms.
4. Biol. a taxonomic category of the highest rank, grouping together all forms of life that share fundamental characteristics: five kingdoms are usual in modern classification schemes. Compare animal (def. 1), plant (def. 1), fungus, protist, moneran.
5. the spiritual sovereignty or domain of God or Christ.
[before 1000]

king·dom

(kĭng′dəm)
The highest classification into which living organisms are grouped, ranking above a phylum. One widely accepted system of classification divides life into five kingdoms: prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants, and animals. See Table at taxonomy.

kingdom

In biological taxonomy, the highest level in the hierarchy, e.g. plants, animals.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.kingdom - a domain in which something is dominantkingdom - a domain in which something is dominant; "the untroubled kingdom of reason"; "a land of make-believe"; "the rise of the realm of cotton in the south"
arena, domain, sphere, orbit, area, field - a particular environment or walk of life; "his social sphere is limited"; "it was a closed area of employment"; "he's out of my orbit"
lotus land, lotusland - an idyllic realm of contentment and self-indulgence
2.kingdom - a country with a king as head of state
country, land, state - the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land of his birth"; "he visited several European countries"
3.kingdom - the domain ruled by a king or queen
demesne, domain, land - territory over which rule or control is exercised; "his domain extended into Europe"; "he made it the law of the land"
4.kingdom - a monarchy with a king or queen as head of state
monarchy - an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
5.kingdom - the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia
animal kingdom, Animalia, kingdom Animalia - taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals
kingdom Monera, kingdom Prokaryotae, Monera, Prokayotae - prokaryotic bacteria and blue-green algae and various primitive pathogens; because of lack of consensus on how to divide the organisms into phyla informal names are used for the major divisions
kingdom Protoctista, Protoctista - in most modern classifications, replacement for the Protista; includes: Protozoa; Euglenophyta; Chlorophyta; Cryptophyta; Heterokontophyta; Rhodophyta; unicellular protists and their descendant multicellular organisms: regarded as distinct from plants and animals
taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group - animal or plant group having natural relations
phylum - (biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants; contains classes
kingdom Plantae, plant kingdom, Plantae - (botany) the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants
Fungi, fungus kingdom, kingdom Fungi - the taxonomic kingdom including yeast, molds, smuts, mushrooms, and toadstools; distinct from the green plants
6.kingdom - a basic group of natural objects
group, grouping - any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
mineral kingdom - all inorganic objects; contrasts with animal and plant kingdoms

kingdom

noun
2. domain, territory, province, realm, area, department, field, zone, arena, sphere nature study trips to the kingdom of the polar bear
3. class, grouping, category, classification, order, sort, department, division, section, rank, grade the delicate jewels of the plant and animal kingdoms
Translations
مَـْملَكَةٌمَمْلَكَه
царство
královstvíříše
rigekongedømmekongerige
kuningaskuntakunta
kraljevstvocarstvokraljevina
királyság-világ
kerajaan
konungdæmiríki náttúrunnar
王国
왕국
regnum
kraljestvokraljevina
kungadömekungarikerike
ราชอาณาจักร
королівствотваринний світцарство
vương quốcgiới

kingdom

[ˈkɪŋdəm] Nreino m
animal/plant kingdomreino m animal/vegetal
the Kingdom of Heavenel reino de los cielos
till kingdom comehasta el día del juicio final

kingdom

[ˈkɪŋdəm] n
(= country) → royaume m
(= domain) the animal kingdom → le règne animal

kingdom

n
(lit)Königreich nt
(Rel) kingdom of heavenHimmelreich nt; to blow something to kingdom come (inf)etw in die Luft jagen (inf); you can go on doing that till kingdom come (inf)Sie können (so) bis in alle Ewigkeit weitermachen; he’s gone to kingdom come (inf)er hat das Zeitliche gesegnet (hum inf)
(Zool, Bot) → Reich nt; the animal/plant kingdomdas Tier-/Pflanzenreich, das Reich der Tiere/Pflanzen

kingdom

[ˈkɪŋdəm] nregno, reame m
the Kingdom of Heaven → il Regno dei Cieli
till kingdom come (fam) → fino al giorno del giudizio

king

(kiŋ) noun
1. a male ruler of a nation, who inherits his position by right of birth. He became king when his father died; King Charles III.
2. the playing-card with the picture of a king. I have two cards – the ten of spades and the king of diamonds.
3. the most important piece in chess.
ˈkingdom noun
1. a state having a king (or queen) as its head. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; He rules over a large kingdom.
2. any of the three great divisions of natural objects. the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms.
ˈkingly adjective
of, relating to, or suitable for a king. kingly robes; a kingly feast.
ˈkingliness noun
ˈkingfisher noun
a type of bird with brilliant blue feathers which feeds on fish.
ˈking-size(d) adjective
of a large size; larger than normal. a king-size(d) bed; king-size cigarettes.

kingdom

مَـْملَكَةٌ království kongerige Königreich βασίλειο reino kuningaskunta royaume kraljevstvo regno 王国 왕국 koninkrijk kongerike królestwo reinado королевство kungadöme ราชอาณาจักร krallık vương quốc 王国

king·dom

n. reino, categoría en la clasificación de animales, plantas y minerales.
References in classic literature ?
The contrary happens in kingdoms governed like that of France, because one can easily enter there by gaining over some baron of the kingdom, for one always finds malcontents and such as desire a change.
It is not long since it contained forty provinces; but is now not much bigger than all Spain, and consists but of five kingdoms and six provinces, of which part is entirely subject to the Emperor, and part only pays him some tribute, or acknowledgment of dependence, either voluntarily or by compulsion.
As with the kingdoms of the earth, there are regions more turbulent than others.
These two thrones except, The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the sight, Shared among petty kings too far removed; These having shewn thee, I have shewn thee all The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
There's no doubt of that," replied Sancho, "for I have known many to take their name and title from the place where they were born and call themselves Pedro of Alcala, Juan of Ubeda, and Diego of Valladolid; and it may be that over there in Guinea queens have the same way of taking the names of their kingdoms.
But be the workmen what they may be, let us speak of the work; that is, the true greatness of kingdoms and estates, and the means thereof.
So they had two kingdoms and lived in great wealth.
It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden lived whom you may know By the name of ANNABEL LEE; - And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me.
But he begged so hard that the king let him go; and the prince thought to himself, 'If I bring my father this water, he will make me sole heir to his kingdom.
By and by they left the woods and entered a big clearing, in which was the Kingdom of Utensia.
Now the corruptions attending each of these governments are these; a kingdom may degenerate into a tyranny, an aristocracy into an oligarchy, and a state into a democracy.
My works showed what a despot could do with the resources of a kingdom at his command.