I believe that a version of laicity
accompanied by a solid law guaranteeing religious freedom offers a framework for going forward.
Change within Ennahdha is an orientation towards specialisation in politics rather than towards laicity
," Rached Ghannouchi asserted during the debate.
(from the French laicite, which was made into law in 1905) has become the foundation of a new political society, based on a necessary separation between the Church and the State.
367 (2007); Patrick Weil, Why the French Laicity
is Liberal, 30 Cardozo L.
The essays in part two, "Principles and Values," examine the historically specific meanings of key republican tenets, beginning with the republican triad of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, and including such terms as democracy, laicity
, citizenship, universalism, the civilizing mission, parite, and the state.
also entails a transition from a system where authority is based on sacred power to one that is essentially based on popular sovereignty (as stated in Article 39 of the Constitution), and on the will of the majority, but also on the rights of minorities.
Abstract: The proper laicity
of a Christian layperson implies his right-duty of being present as citizen in the public and temporary affairs and to impregnate these with his faith.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, freedom of religion and laicity
have played a crucial role in the history of political ideas.
In France, laicity
and centralization create the migrant image as that of a religious fanatic--a member of a community committed to destroying the principles of republicanism.
They hesitate in choosing a model such as, for example, civil religion (an American model); laicity
(secularism); separation between public and private life (French model); church and state partnership (Church of Greece model); a kind of concordat (German model).
On the other hand, as long as one uses the term modernity as a way to impose upon these types of societies laicity
as a ready-made panacea, as an absolute remedy, the trick will fail [it will never work]; because, for this kind of society [i.
I am not obligated to give my personal opinions in my writing and that could not be achieved without my using French, by tradition the language of laicity