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Tibetan Buddhism. No longer in scholarly use.

La′ma·ist n.


(Buddhism) the Mahayana form of Buddhism of Tibet and Mongolia. See also Dalai Lama
ˈLamaist n, adj
ˌLamaˈistic adj


(ˈlɑ məˌɪz əm)

the Mahayana Buddhism of Tibet and Mongolia, having a hierarchical monastic organization.
La′ma•ist, n.
La`ma•is′tic, adj.


a reformation of Buddhism in Tibet intended to bring about stricter discipline in the monasteries; the dominant sect is Gelup-Ka (The Virtuous Way), with the patron deity Chen-re-zi (the Bodhisattva of Great Mercy), who is reincarnated as the successive Dalai Lamas. Also called Gelup-Ka. — Lamaist, n.Lamaistic, adj.
See also: Buddhism
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lamaism - a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanismLamaism - a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
Buddhism - the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Sitsang, Thibet, Tibet, Xizang - an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China; located in the Himalayas
References in periodicals archive ?
Halkias, 'The Muslim Queens of the Himalayas: Princess Exchanges in Baltistan and Ladakh'; Marc Gaborieau, 'The Discovery of the Muslims of Tibet by the First Portuguese Missionaries'; Alexandre Papas, 'So Close to Samarkand, Lhasa: Sufi Hagiographies, Founder Myths and Sacred Space in Himalayan Islam'; Thierry Zarcone, 'Between Legend and History: About the "Conversion" to Islam of Two Prominent Lamaists in the Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries'; Johan Elverskog, 'Ritual Theory across the Buddhist-Muslim Divide in Late Imperial China'; John Bray, 'Trader, Middleman or Spy?
Thus Level 3 for the UK breaks down the number of Buddhists into four different groups (Mahayanists, Theravadins, Lamaists, and Folk-Buddhists), with a broad indication of the source (the total for 2000 being given as 187,000, against the 151,000 measured in the 2001 census).
Most important missionary-minded evangelists like Buddhists and Lamaists and Moslems have used them to radiate their beliefs outwards along any point of the compass, and to launch holy wars.