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A historical region of northwest England on the Irish Sea. It was part of the kingdom of Northumbria in Anglo-Saxon times and became a county palatine in 1351. Long noted for its textiles, the area grew rapidly after the Industrial Revolution.
1. (Placename) a county of NW England, on the Irish Sea: became a county palatine in 1351 and a duchy attached to the Crown; much reduced in size after the 1974 boundary changes, losing the Furness district to Cumbria and much of the south to Greater Manchester, Merseyside, and Cheshire: Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool became independent unitary authorities in 1998. It was traditionally a cotton textiles manufacturing region. Administrative centre: Preston. Pop (excluding unitary authorities): 1 147 000 (2003 est). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 2889 sq km (1115 sq miles). Abbreviation: Lancs
2. (Cookery) a mild whitish-coloured cheese with a crumbly texture
Lan•ca•shire(ˈlæŋ kəˌʃɪər, -ʃər)
a county in NW England. 1,408,300; 1174 sq. mi. (3040 sq. km). Also called Lancaster.